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GLOSSARY OF

C o o p e r a t i v e L e a r n i n g : W o r k i n g w i t h o t h e r s i n s m a l l g r o u p s . S o c i a l i z a t i o n b e c o m e s a n i n t e g r a l e l e m e n t i n t h i s l e a r n i n g p r o c e s s , o f w h i c h i n t e r d e p e n d e n c y , i n d i v i d u a l a c c o u n t a b i l i t y , a n d o p e n c o m m u n i c a t i o n d e v e l o p i n t h e s t u d e n t .

Dalcroze:

An elementary music philosophy developed by a Swiss music educator, Emile Jaques-Dalcroze. This philosophy is based on the the premise that rhythm is the primary element in music, and musicianship is developed through the rhythm of body movement.

Eclectic:

A common self-descriptive term for elementary music teachers indicating they develop music curriculums by drawing from several philosophies such as Orff, Kodály, Dalcroze, etc.

K i n e s t h e t i c L e a r n i n g : U s i n g p h y s i c a l m o t i o n t o i n s t i l l m u s i c a l c o n c e p t s s u c h a s b e a t a n d r h y t h m .

ELEMENTARY MUSIC TERMS

K o d á l y : A n e l e m e n t a r y m u s i c p h i l o s o p h y d e v e l o p e d b y t h e H u n g a r i a n c o m p o s e r , Z o l t a n K o d á l y . T h i s a p p r o a c h e m p h a s i z e s m u s i c l i t e r a c y b a s e d o n t h e s i n g i n g o f f o l k s o n g s , a n d u s i n g t e c h n i q u e s s u c h a s h a n d s i g n s a n d r h y t h m i c m o v e m e n t s .

Suzuki Method:

A music teaching philosophy that emphasizes, at a young age, learning to play music by ear rather than through reading sheet music.

MIDI:

An acronym for Musical Instrument Digital Interface. This music industry term describes the ability to link two or more electronic devices to work together musically, such as musical keyboards and computers.

Orff-Schulwerk:

An elementary music philosophy developed in Germany by Carl Orff. This philosophy promotes movement, song, speech and instrument playing integrated together in teaching music.

Orff Instruments:

A set of percussion instruments including xylophones, metallophones and glockenspiels which are used for teaching the elementary music Orff-Schulwerk philosophy.

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