produced some positive results regarding the reduction of the magnitude of child labour in the farms producing seed for their companies. The percentage of reduction varied from area to area depending upon the intensity of activities implemented. Below I present findings from two sets of data: the first is independent field visits to sample farms conducted by myself and the second is CCP field visits data (complete data for Monsanto and limited data for Bayer).
CHILD LABOUR NUMBERS FOR 2006-07
Important findings from sample survey by the author of this report Field visits to selected sample farms were conducted in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamilnadu during September 2006 and February 2007. A total of 70 farms covering 160 acres in AP and 56 farms covering 50 acres in Tamilnadu were studied in the Monsanto production area. With regard to Bayer 22 farms covering 24 acres in AP and 35 farms covering 23 acres in Karnataka were visited.
In the sample farms visited a total of 67 children in AP and 74 in Tamilnadu were found working in Monsanto subcontract farms (see table 2). This excludes the ‘’doubtful age cases’ numbering 6 in AP and 4 in Tamilnadu. Compared to AP the magnitude of child labour is higher in Tamilnadu. The proportion of child labour to the total workforce was 5.75% in AP and 14.17% in Tamilnadu. Among child labourers girls outnumber boys. Girls account for 73% % of total child labourers. Average number of children employed per acre was 0.42 children in AP and 1.48 children in Tamilnadu.
Table 3 presents the details of workforce composition on farms producing for Bayer. A total of 29 children (excluding 4 borderline age doubtful cases) were found working in 22 sample farms covering 24 acres visited in AP. In Karnataka in total 35 farms were visited, covering 23 acres. The number of children found working during the survey was 24. The proportion of child labour to total workforce was 13.1 % in AP and 10.8 % in Karnataka. Average number of children employed per acre was 1.21 children in AP and 1.04 children in Karnataka.