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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

The report ‘SEEDS OF CHANGE` shows that the multinational companies Bayer and Monsanto have started to address the issue of child labour in their cotton seed supply chain, though the problem is still far from solved. The companies began to tackle the problem after European and US-based NGOs started to raise the issue in the media in co-operation with local NGO’s like the MV Foundation who mobilise communities to get children out of work and into school, including in cottonseed production.

In 2005-2006 around 20% of workers on Monsanto’s cotton

the workers on seed supplier’s

Bayer’s and 10% of the in Andhra Pradesh were

children under 15. This percentage dropped to roughly 11% on Bayer’s farms

and 5% on Monsanto’s farms in 2006-2007. However unprepared to tackle the problem systematically Karnataka and Tamil Nadu where there is less local

the companies are yet in other states like pressure. This is even

more times

important now Bayer is going to increase and Monsanto, already being the main

its production areas nearly six market player, is doubling it.

Also

there are

joint

venture

no efforts partners,

yet to implement a no-child labour policy

suppliers

and

sub-licensees,

including

through in the

production of other seeds where child labour is involved. The issue procurement price offered by the companies (see also the report:

of the low ‘The price

of Childhood’) still is an obstacle to farmers, hybrids, to whole-heartedly support a no child

particularly producing non-BT labour policy. According to the

report

the

Creative

Learning

Centres

supported

by

both

Bayer

and

Monsanto

have not been very effective in cotton seed fields. This is due village level.

dealing with children to lack of motivation

who and

have worked in

the

mobilization at

the

4

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