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Hedge Schools:

Hedge Schools abounded in the parish in the years 1810-1870 and the names of the teachers are still available as household words. Edward Walsh, the poet, had a school in Mill Lane up to 1837. Garibaldi (sic) O'Sullivan taught in Kilmeedy, Cloghoula and Ballydaly in turn. The people in the locality described him as being tall, thin with a stoop. Today his grave is marked in Drishane Graveyard. Other teachers were Paddy Collins who taught in Claramore, Donal O'SulIivan who taught in Cullen, Thade Cronin who taught in Coolinarne (or Coolinaree?). He was a great scholar and

Nationalist. Bill Desmond taught in built. Wiliam O'Brien taught in

Rathduane Gortavehy.

till (gap) Teaching

when the present was in Irish and

school was Garibaldi

OfSullivan taught Irish Catechism in Callanan, one of the great Anglo-Irish here. He seems to have been particularly

Millstreet Church in 1858. Jeremiah Joseph poets, author of "Gougane Barra" also taught happy there as he implies in his poem "Clara".

Millstreet Boys' School:

The will of Helen McCarthy (O'Leary) of Coomlegane dated September 11th 1811 gave an endowment for the building of the first school in Millstreet. The following is the relevant extract:-

"I desire that my Trustees, their heirs and assigns, shall be seized of two acres English statute measure of that part of the lands of Coomlegane now in possession of Thomas O'Mahony where the same shall be convenient for the building of a schoolhouse for the purpose of education of 20 boys and 20 girls, children of the poor tenants of my estate and lands and not used as a public school as herein after mentioned and that my Trustees shall pay to the Titular Bishop of the Diocese in which said lands be, the sum of £200 to be raised out of the said lands of Droumanarigle to build a schoolhouse unless the said sum of £200 shall be paid by me for such purpose. And I devise a yearly rent charge of £40 to the said Titular Bishop to be paid to him and to those who in the future shall be Bishops of the said Diocese by my said Trustees and the survivor of them, his heirs and assigns out of the profits of the said lands of Coomlegane in trust to pay the salaries of the school master and mistress of such school and the repairs and other expenses thereof and if there should be any surplus after paying the expenses of the said school I desire that the same may be laid out in the purchase of clothes for the children of the poorest of my tenants and it is my express desire that no child shall be received into the said school who is not the child of a tenant of my estate1 3 unless an additional bequest should hereafter be made by some other person to support said school and that every tenant of my estate who can afford it shall pay for their children what my Trustees think reasonable. I also

13Presumably Helen McCarthy O'Leary expected the Wallis landlord to look after the education of the children of his tenants.


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