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The only other early Christian settlement in the area was at Cill Eoghan. Eoghan being presumably a disciple of Ita. First of all he had to live at Carraig Eoghan at Tullagh, at least Fr. Ferris surmises this.3 2

-- In fact many of Fr. Ferris's statements are surmises of the early history of this area and the early Christian settlements have yet to be investigated. Investigation and excavation of at least a few of the ancient remains would help to fill in the story and a closer look at the traditions and the manuscript sources for the early saints would perhaps clear up some of the difficulties.

The modern Millstreet parish includes three congregations - those of Cuileann and Bafie Ui Dhalaigh as well as Millstreet proper. It contains all the ancient parish of Drisean except two townlands and part of a third which go with Rathmore parish and all the ancient parish of Cuileann except nineteen out of its fifty five townlands one of each of which go to the modern parishes of Rathmore and Boherbue and the remaining 17 going to Dromtariffe.

When we come to consider this enlarged area we find a difficulty in that while Drisean parish is almost all in West Muskerry with the exception of six townlands in Duhallow, all the parish of Cullen is in Duhallow Barony.

There would appear to have been little or no influence by the Norse invaders on the area. Any influence would not have extended beyond Muisire. The Norman invasion was of course bound to have influences sooner or later on this area, because it was so extensive both in area and time, lasting to the present time. The Normans disturbed such Eoghannacht families as the MacCarthys and the O'SulIivans who had resided in Tipperary around Clonmel and Knockgraffan. They came to Cork and Desmond circa 1200. The old Eoghannacht at Raithleann had remained there and spread into the west towards Bantry. Now their cousins, the MacCarthys and the O'Sullivans came west affecting the lives of old Muscrai people. The MacCarthys divided into three great families: (i) Muscrai MacCarthys (ii) MacCarthy Riabhach (iii) MacCarthy Mor residing near Cill Airne and becoming chief of the other branches who paid them tribute. The MacCarthy Riabhach operated down south around Kilbrittain, Dunmanway, etc. The MacCarthy Muscrai were to have considerable influence in this

area these

for 300 years and more from 1300 to 1690. Drisean MacCarthys were a branch of Muscrai MacCarthys. They must have arrived sometime before the building of the

castle a few

at Drisean which was in years between them. The

1446. Different dates are given date 1450 was on a monument

but there in the old

is no more than churchyard and

the founder, Dermot MacCarthy,

Muskerry.

Drisean

was

one

of

a

was shown to series of castles

be the second son of built on the frontiers

Tadgh, Lord of Magonihy,

West Muskerry and Duhallow: command the wild mountain pass

Kilmeedy in 1436, Drisean in from Macroom to Killarney, still

1450, Kilmeedy to in a fair state, minus

the stonework on doorways and windows years ago. Clarendon's history of the Civil

which a neighbouring War in Ireland (1721)

farmer borrowed states that:

some

3 2 Manuscript note by P O'M:- Another tradition in regard to Carraig Eoghan is that said Eoghan was a robber and that his hideout here was discovered and destroyed by English soldiers using explosives.

38

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