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anyone able to walk was rounded up; all Mullach Ruadh and Gort na Creiche and Lios na Buidhe and Aon Ghleann were combed by the soldiery. As a result four men were taken into internment at Spike Island: John O'Leary, Mullach Ruadh; Roger Kiely, Mullach Ruadh; Dan Joe O'Riordan, Lios Cathain; Humphrey O'Donoughue, Fort na Creiche.

I may say that the amount of material collected on the War of Independence in these notes is disappearing. Somebody should get down to collecting whatever else can be collected at this stage.

In 1969 I published in the Cork Examiner a note on the death of Paddy MacCarthy. I was severely taken to task and rightly so by two Millstreet people living in San Francisco to whom a cutting of the article had been sent, on the grounds that I did not get the core of the story. "Michael O'Riordan is dead good many years" they wrote me, "he would not have sent such a lame account of our awful times in Millstreet; he was not that kind.:" So they gave me information which led me to St Patrick's Guest House in Cork and there I interviewed Miss Katherine Linehan and confirmed the story of the attacks on the Linehan home and business on Saturday, 20 November 1920 and I began to understand why Paddy MacCarthy gave his life. May I read this account to you?

"I am far from Millstreet now and the Old Brigade but one of them thought of me and sent me your fine article of the fight there (Nov. 1969).

But why only record the reprisal for the blackguarding of the RIC and the Black and Tans? You did not get the core of the fight Michael Riordan is dead a good many years, he would not have sent such a lame account of our awful times in Millstreet, he was not that kind.

Saturday, Nov. 20th., the Black and Tans were raving around the town all day mad drunk. I was a young lad working in the town at the time. About 6 o ^clock we heard all the hammering and crashing of glass, everyone ran out. The barrack across the street is an old military three storey high building, ten windows on each floor, the top row hard steel shutters with a hole for a machine gun. The RIC and Tans were breaking into Mrs Linehan's house, a long house right across from the barrack and the guns. They broke in through the shop windows, threw shutters and bars in, threw out all the stock in the shop

and counter cases, took no chimneys on them,

out the safe and blew it s p i l l e d o i l o n p a p e r s a n d f u r n i t u r e and up. Came into the house, lit clothes, took

all all

the the

lamps, best of

clothes, everything they could even the pillows escaped out the back, you will find afterwards over the house, sorted out presses, took clothes the beds.

off the beds. The family and their girls had how they got word to run. They raved all and everything they wanted even pillows off

We could see them taking the loot, set fire to everything and stayed until 3 o'clock Bloody Sunday morning, machine guns and bombs going all night. Give honour where honour is due. There were two clean Irishmen in the barracks, Constable L(a/e?)ydon and Barry (Jim). They met in the street, one said to the other we will not stand for that work, came down and crashed through the devils. They could not stop them exploding and setting


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