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Fourth, school achievement and interest in education for girls.  Parents claim that children’s unwillingness is a major factor for discontinuing their schooling.  Some girls stated that they did not want to continue their education due to low academic achievement.

Fifth is that the educational level of the head of household influences the girls’ education. Uneducated parents do not attach importance to education for their daughters.

Sixth, the lack of employment opportunities after studying. Some girls said they did not want to pursue higher education because their friends who graduated from the university did not find jobs. The fear of low returns from educational investment made them give up on furthering their education.

From the research findings, crime is also related to educational level.  Two years ago, there were over 100 drug addicts or drug dealers in the Maesa Mai Village.  Among them were thirty-three females aged from teenage to over 50 years.  They all had low education levels or were uneducated.  These females involved in drug crime were often influenced by their family members.

Adult education for the Hmong women

Adult education is a relevant and appropriate way for the Hmong who live in the traditional community. Some young Hmong women have to stop attending school after finishing compulsory education because of various reasons.  Due to the change in social circumstance, these women expect to pursue continuing education. Adult education programs in town give them a chance to study, and they can spend spare time to go to school without neglecting work in the fields and at home. Some single women hope to at least pursue a higher diploma. Some married women are also eager to learn useful knowledge through adult education in the village.  In the Maesa Mai Village, an adult education class was opened in late 2003 and ten women registered.  They were aged from over thirty years old to more than fifty years old.  Women attended the class to learn the basic skills in writing and reading Thai. The women are also taught elementary knowledge of sanitation and health, environmental protection, raising children, and traditional herbal medicine. They realize that education gives them knowledge and advantages in society.

Vocational training for the Hmong women

Vocational training is required to change lifestyles and enhance skills for making a living. Over the past three decades, the integration of women into development has occurred, opening up social spaces for them to participate in and gain from the fruits of development.  Just as with other hill tribes, the Hmong women have more access to other education support from the different levels of government. The following is one case.  The vocational training program on tailoring began in Maesa Mai in the spring of 2004.  This project was supported by the Chiang Mai provincial government.  Its

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