A systematic survey had been undertaken by Ministry of Textiles (MOT) to assess the progress of technical textiles in India. With this study, it is established that India is yet to find a significant place in the global scenario in this area. Traditionally, Indian textile industry is composed of four sectors, viz., composite mill sector, decentralised powerloom, hosiery and handloom sectors. Indian textile industry was dominated by the composite mill sector in the post-independence period. Technical textiles did never find a place of priority in this sector, though a few mills produced a limited range of industrial textiles in their product mix. However, facing stiff competition from the powerloom sector, gradually the composite mill sector suffered various set backs. Even in their revival effort, technical textiles did not find a strategic place as it deserved. They still focused their priority in modernisation in conventional apparel and home textile products, yarn manufacturing etc.
So far, the contribution of Indian textile industry towards technical textiles was restricted to a few low technology and less sophisticated items like tarpaulin, industrial filter cloth, bolting cloth, textiles for luggage, decatatising fabrics, tyre cords, belting etc. Another area of notable contribution of the Indian textile industry, particularly the decentralised sector is textiles for strategic application, viz., national security. For example, parachute canopy fabrics used for man-dropping, supply dropping, brake parachute application, etc have been largely indigenised and even exported to other countries, even if in small quantities. Indigenised aerospace textiles have contributed significantly for the success of aviation, space and missile programmes.