In spite of serious challenges, technical textiles provide great opportunities for containing imports, by indegenisation and encouraging exports of technical textiles which are known for high value addition.
The role of technical textiles has become so eminent that the future of textile industry in the next few decades will be determined by its performance in the area of technical textiles.
Indigenisation of technical textiles will not only contain import and achieve strategic self sufficiency in sensitive and emerging areas of applications like defence, aerospace, sustainable development, waste management etc. but also provide new avenues of value added exports. Promoting technical textiles as a tool of value addition for survival and revival of Indian textile industry holds a high potential of success.
CONSTRAINTS OF THIS SEGMENT
Dominance of the decentralized sector
The composite sector rarely found receptive to technical textiles and the market changes. In contrast the decentralised powerloom sector has helped the country through indigenisation of certain technical textiles, particularly in the areas of strategic significance, i.e. national security. While the country is legitimately proud of such technological breakthroughs, there was no money and volume demand in such fields of technical textiles. Further technical textiles demand simultaneous development of both products and markets. Since the limited production had mainly remained with the decentralised sector, which did not have adequate resources and financial backing for product development and marketing these textiles, no significant breakthroughs in volume terms has been achieved so far.
Absence of Regulatory Legislation
So far, no attempt has been made by the Government to boost the market development of technical textiles. For example, there is no legislation for mandatory use of the fire retardant fabrics in high-rise buildings, in public places like exhibitions, cinema halls etc. There is no environmental legislation for the use of geotextiles and geomembrances in waste containment for disposal of hazardous wastes as well as for industrial and municipal effluent treatment facilities. Technical developments need support from a regulatory