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Test Bank for Marine Biology: Function, Biodiversity, Ecology 2E - page 1 / 44





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Test Bank for Marine Biology: Function, Biodiversity, Ecology 2E

Jeffrey S. Levinton 8/22/01

Chapter 1

Charles Darwin is well known as a great marine biologist because of

a. His work on coral reefs

b. His classification of the barnacles

c. His participation in the voyage of the H.M.S. Beagle

d. All of the above

Bathybius  was believed to be

a. The ancestor of the bony fishes.

b. A slime from which life arose on the sea bed.

c. The founder of marine biology.

d. A resident of hot vent environments.

Edward Forbes' "Azoic Theory" stated that

a. Life could not arise from inanimate objects

b. No life can be found within the sediment

c. There's no marine life deeper than 300 fathoms

d. There's no marine life shallower than 300 fathoms

In the 19th century, Prince Albert I of Monaco was famous for

a. Funding marine biology from his casino in Atlantic City

b. Leading the Challenger  expedition

c. Outfitting oceanographic vessels and founding a lab

d. All of the above

The Challenger expedition

a. Circumnavigated the globe.

b. Helped disprove the Bathybius theory.

c. Produced many volumes of descriptions of marine life.

d. All of the above.

Darwin's theory of coral reef formation required that

a. Coral reefs cease growing when sea level lowered

b. Corals evolved very recently

c. The rock beneath a coral reef was steadily sinking

d. Volcanic islands were steadily rising under the reefs

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