Reading Type and Length
Reading Strategy and Speed
1 level below Freshman Composition or English 1A
Read and usually understand most of a wide range of personal, professional, academic and literary non-adapted/authentic texts written for native English speakers.
Readings are predominantly expository, including argumentative, research-based, and abstract ideas.
Articles range from 1-10 pages.
In addition to a main text, includes at least one book-length work.
Have a working knowledge of the majority of word roots, including affixes.
Understand most new words given in a clear context.
Have receptive and productive understanding of many academic words such as on the Academic Word List.
Identify the author’s theme, purpose, point of view, and tone.
Accurately summarize and paraphrase the theme, purpose, and point of view of reading.
Understand argumentation and supported opinion.
Comprehend unfamiliar and abstract texts under time constraints.
Evaluate the credibility of a text.
Read most texts fluently and rapidly.
Adjust reading speed according to the text and the task.
Be able to use a wide range of complex textual cues to comprehend the meaning and structure of a text.
Interpret and analyze single and multiple charts, graphs, and timelines.
Understand a wide range of common North American cultural references.
2 levels below Freshman Composition or English
Read and generally understand a range of personal, professional, academic and literary texts, predominantly non-adapted/authentic texts written for native English speakers, with possible inclusion of adapted texts.
Have a working knowledge of many word roots, including affixes.
Often understand most new words given in a clear context.
Identify the author’s theme, purpose, point of view, and tone with assistance.
Distinguish between main and supporting ideas in texts which have familiar content and/or language.
Comprehend familiar and semi-abstract texts under
Read many texts fluently and rapidly, but may be significantly slowed by academic or abstract material.
Usually adjust rate according to the text.
Use a variety of textual cues such as sentence connectors and pronoun reference to
Usually understand cultural references.
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