Speaking Type and
Composition or English 1A
Speeches are usually less than 5 minutes or longer if done with partners.
Classroom discussions are extended and can sustain a topic for 15-20 minutes or more.
Take notes focusing on key supporting details of extended adapted discourse that is conceptually and linguistically accessible.
Have control over many basic and complex grammatical structures.
not interfere with intelligibility.
3 levels below Freshman Composition or English 1A
Give speeches and participate in classroom discussions on topics ranging from personal to academic.
May begin to incorporate one or more sources to augment information included in the presentation.
Speeches are about 3-5 minutes.
Classroom discussions require significant assistance from the instructor in order to sustain a topic beyond 10 minutes.
Often understand new information in brief personal interactions.
Demonstrates understanding that is uneven and generally affected by length, topic familiarity, and cultural knowledge.
Often identify subjects and details when listening to extended speech, but sometimes misunderstand the central message.
Usually understand natural speech when the situation is familiar or fulfills immediate needs.
Take notes on unfamiliar topics with extra linguistic support.
Perform basic communication tasks in many social situations.
Often demonstrate awareness of target culture by choosing language appropriate to context.
Use basic concrete and abstract vocabulary.
Use a limited range of grammatical structures correctly.
Maintain a face-to-face conversation on a familiar topic.
Occasionally express original ideas with limited grammatically accuracy.
Sometimes use language that is not situational or culturally appropriate.
Be occasionally misunderstood even by attentive listeners.
Be generally intelligible with significant errors in pronunciation.
Exhibit frequent errors in phonemic and non-native stress and intonation patterns.
Use non-native pauses that occasionally interfere with intelligibility.
4 levels below Freshman
Share experiences, ideas, and some opinions in small and large group settings. May give one or more speeches,
Understand familiar information in interactions that fulfill immediate personal needs.
Sometimes understand new
Use strategies to clarify messages.
Ask and answer both yes/no and “Wh” questions.
Exhibit frequent phonemic errors and non-native stress and intonation patterns that
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