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Study Guide Fitness

Vocabulary Acute injury

Isotonic workout

Aerobic exercise

Non-aerobic exercise

Anaerobic exercise

Overload principle

Cross-training

Overuse injury

Dynamic flexibility

Progressive overloading

Endurance

Repetition (“rep”)

Functional fitness

Reversibility principle

Heat cramps

Set

Heat exhaustion

Specificity principle

Heat stroke

Static flexibility

Isometric workout

Strength

Important Concepts Be familiar with the 6 different health-related components of physical fitness.

How are men and women different when it comes to fitness?

What are the health consequences of inactivity?

What are health benefits of regular exercise?

Be able to describe the FITT approach to the progressive overload.

What is the best type of exercise to improve cardiovascular health? Know examples. Know how to determine your maximum heart rate and target heart rate.

What are the 3 stages of an aerobic workout?

What is the best approach for increasing strength? endurance?

Be familiar with the benefits of stretching and flexibility.

Be able to list and describe the 4 types of stretching.

What are good ways to increase flexibility?

Know ways to avoid injury.

Be familiar with the PRICE system for treating injuries.

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