E. Built-up beams greater than 8" deep: 16d staggered.
12: on center, top and bottom
F. G. H. 1. J. K. L. M
Joist and rafters to plate: two 10d toenailed each side or framing anchor. Joists to headers and headers to trimmers: use joist hangers only. Multiple joists" 16d @ 12" on center, top and bottom and staggered. One inch furring to underside ofjoist: two 8d (one straight, one slanted). Two inch furring to underside ofjoist: two 16d (one straight; one slanted). Studs toenailed to plate: two 10d each side. Studs end nailed to plate: two 16d. . Studs nailed together: 16d 12" on center, staggered
Upper to lower: 16d @ 12" on center, staggered.
At splices" two 16d face nailed.
Plate lap at comers: two 16d face nailed
Below shear panels
Sill to blocking or joist: 16d 4" on center,
Blocking or joist to plate: 16d toenailed @ 4: on center
Upper plate to lower plate: 16d @ 4" on center, staggered.
A. Drill holes 1116" larger in diameter than the bolts being used for thru bolts. Drill straight and true from one side only. Bolt threads shall not bear on wood. Use washers under head and nut where both bear on wood; use washers under all nuts.
LAG BOLTS AND SCREWS
For lag bolts and wood screws, pre-bore holes the same diameter as root threads; enlarge holes to shank diameter for length of shank as per American Institute of Timber Construction Manual, current edition. Screw, do not drive, all lag bolts and wood screws.
Frame out openings and provide necessary lintels, double studs, headers and trimmers for passage of pipes, ducts, etc. to avoid compromising structure.
A. Provide blocking as necessary to support or attach countertops, door stops, toilet accessories, chalkboards, shelving, cabinets, bases, trim and other items indicated on the Drawings. Provide sufficient blocking with secure attachment to structure.
S Section 06100