Special areas- Purulia, Paschim Midnapore, Bankura, Murshidabad, Dakshin Dinajpur
Closure and hunger- tea gardens, jute industry; PHED contract workers
Post disaster situation –the fringe area suffered more
It is very difficult to prove starvation, hence for NGO activists it is important, to locate hungry families in the village. Determining calorie intake, that is what has been taken in last 24 hours, can be used to prove hunger related deaths. Comparison of change in food intake with good times can also be used to prove starvation and hunger. Starvation in children can be proved by height-weight of children and comparing to standard for height- for-age and weight-for-age.
Body Mass Index (weight/height squared*10000) is helpful in proving starvation deaths. A study has shown that 71.5% of women in Binpur had BMI less than 18.5, 62% of the men were of the same status. Unnatural increase in deaths shown by use of death registers (in tea gardens showed 44% increase in deaths (though all not recorded)) also proves starvation deaths. Door to door survey of deaths in past 5 years showed Percentage change in three gardens in 5 years 404% , 154% and 241%. In some tea gardens, medical records, such as record of medical prescriptions and statements by medical officers, were used to prove starvation deaths.
The study during and after the closure of tea plantations in West Bengal was done as closure of plantations led to starvation deaths. Following data was analysed to prove starvation deaths –
Food eaten before closure
Report – Two-days workshop on Right to Food
17 and 18 September 2005, Nagpur