by providing a package of services comprising of supplementary nutrition, immunization, pre-school non-formal education, health check-up, referral services and nutrition and health education.
It is a Centrally-sponsored Scheme in which the Central Government is responsible for programme, planning and for providing operating costs and the State Governments are responsible for implementation of the Scheme and for providing supplementary nutrition out of States’ resources.
In Maharashtra, there are 370 sanctioned ICDS Projects with 62683 Anganwadi Centres, out of which 368 Projects with 57270 Anganwadi Centres have become operational as on 31st March, 2004. As per reports received from the State Government, supplementary nutrition under the ICDS Scheme is being provided to about 40.56 lakh children below 6 years and to about 6.09 lakh pregnant and lactating mothers in the State. The percentage of children covered by the scheme in Maharashtra is about 30% of the total child population (0-6 years) in the State as against about 22% at all-India level.
Problem with this scheme is that proper guidance to the villagers is not available, as more attention at village level is given to family planning than to mal-nourishment, hence villagers are not able to avail all the benefits of this scheme. The records also are not maintained properly. There is more attention on family planning than malnourishment. The ICDS worker should also look into forming self- help groups. Moreover, ICDS workers should be supervised by the gram sabha or the village people themselves.
Mid Day Meal Scheme (MDMS) – by Suresh Sawant
Report – Two-days workshop on Right to Food
17 and 18 September 2005, Nagpur