Unemployment Allowance (Dole) to the persons who declare themselves unemployed, it is supposed to be perfectly satisfactory. This is definitely not the idea of Shri V S Page
who was the architect of Maharashtra Employment Guarantee Act 1978. He believed that it is Government's responsibility to provide work to everybody who demands it and pay adequate wages. He was a visionary who was looking to E.G.S. as the True programme for Poverty Eradication. It is the only Act in the world giving Right to Work .
The various reasons for the failure of this scheme can be listed as below –
No Political Will
Unwillingness of Bureaucracy
Lack of interest on the part of Social Workers & Voluntary organisations
Ignorance of Rural Unorganised Labourers
Provision of Unemployment Allowance in the Act.
Employment guarantee and unemployment allowance - These are the Provisions contrary to each other. Even Shri V. S. Page was aware of this. When he was asked about this he explained that some arrangement in law is necessary if work is not provided within the time limit. So there is a provision of Unemployment Allowance, which is not meant to be implemented, but is meant to bind the Government. to give work as Guarantee. Provision of Unemployment Allowance in the Act is supposed to serve as a deterrent for the Administration to give work only. For this reason Shri Page insisted that the amount of Unemployment Allowance kept as low as Rs.1 only. Now it has become Rs.10/- which is a very dangerous signal.
If we want "Guaranteed Work to whoever demands the same in its own Village" instead of "Drought Relief Work" then what is the Solution?
Report: Two-day state level workshop on ‘Right to Food’
17 – 18 September 2005, Nagpur.