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2.1. Introduction

This chapter reviews the literature of authors who did research using concept mapping and interviews to understand how learners and students can relate concepts of mathematics to other learning areas. I focus on two main theories of learning and dissect the ideologies thereof with the link and relevance to the study.

In the discussion of literature, my aim is to look and find connections from literature of relevant authors which I found relevant to my study. I investigated the findings from other relevant literature and used it as a base and starting point from where I can further engage in to the study that I want to do. There are various literatures looking at integration of mathematics with other learning areas, but there is very little literature exploring the specific integration of mathematics with economic management science.This is important literature that relates to my study and guides my data analyses, informs my research design as well as my findings as I am using the tool of concept mapping and interviewing of learners for similar purposes.

Teaching and learning has always been driven by theories and hence research on educational practices is rich with theories. I am however going to base my study on only selected theories in order to analyse the data that I collected. The temptation for me is to use as many theories as possible. However, I am going to concentrate on two theories that are relatively grounded in the education field and are in agreement on some issues in the notions discussed in them and come to the fore in my study. The theories that my study focuses on come from Vygotsky (1978) and I build on it with notions from Bernstein (1982, 1996). These theories that I use to frame my study are some of the most fascinating theories to interact with in the theory of learning and have some of the most intriguing concepts and terminology to understand and interpret in the relevance of my study.

Prevein Marnewicke: Forms and meanings of Integration. A case study towards completion

of a Master of Education degree.

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