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   program  provides  for  timely  implementation  of  transportation

   control  measures  consistent  with  schedules   included  in  the

   applicable implementation plan;

      "(C) a transportation project  may be adopted or approved  by a

   metropolitan planning  organization  or  any  recipient  of  funds

   designated under title 23, United  States Code, or the  Urban Mass

   Transportation  Act, or  found  in  conformity by  a  metropolitan

   planning  organization or  approved, accepted,  or  funded by  the

   Department  of  Transportation   only  if  it  meets   either  the

   requirements of subparagraph (D) or the following requirements-

         "(i)  such  a  project  comes  from  a  conforming  plan and

      program;

         "(ii) the design concept and scope of such project have  not

   changed    significantly since  the conformity  finding  regarding

              the plan  and program  from which the  project derived;

              and

         "(iii) the design  concept and scope of such project  at the

      time  of  the  conformity  determination for  the  program  was

      adequate to determine emissions.

      "(D) Any project not  referred to in subparagraph (C)  shall be

   treated as conforming  to the applicable implementation  plan only

   if  it  is  demonstrated that  the  projected emissions  from such

   project,  when considered  together with  emissions projected  for

   the  conforming  transportation  plans  and  programs  within  the

   nonattainment  area, do  not  cause  such plans  and  programs  to

   exceed the emission reduction  projections and schedules  assigned

   to  such plans and programs in the applicable implementation plan.

   "(3) Until such time as  the implementation plan revision referred

to  in  paragraph  (4)(C)  is  approved,  conformity  of  such  plans,

programs, and projects will be demonstrated if-

      "(A) the transportation plans and programs-

         "(i) are consistent with the most recent estimates of mobile

      source emissions;

         "(ii)   provide  for   the  expeditious   implementation  of

      transportation    control    measures    in   the    applicable

      implementation plan; and

         "(iii)   with   respect  to   ozone   and  carbon   monoxide

      nonattainment areas, contribute  to annual emissions reductions

      consistent with sections 182(b)(1) and 187(a)(7); and

      "(B) the transportation projects-

         "(i) come from  a conforming transportation plan and program

      as defined in subparagraph (A) or for  12 months after the date

      of the enactment of the Clean Air Act Amendments  of 1990, from

      a transportation program found to conform within 3  years prior

      to such date of enactment; and

         "(ii) in  carbon monoxide nonattainment areas,  eliminate or

      reduce  the severity  and number  of violations  of  the carbon

      monoxide standards  in the  area substantially affected  by the

      project.

   With regard  to subparagraph  (B)(ii), such  determination may  be

   made  as part  of  either  the conformity  determination  for  the

   transportation  program or  for the individual  project taken as a

   whole   during  the   environmental   review   phase  of   project

   development.

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