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   Administrator   shall   promulgate  regulations   establishing   a

   voluntary opt-in program under this subsection  pursuant to which-

         "(A) clean-fuel vehicles  which are required to be produced,

      sold, and  distributed in the  State of  California under  this

      section, and

         "(B)  clean alternative  fuels required  to be  produced and

      distributed  under  this section  by  fuel  suppliers and  made

      available in California

      may also be  sold and used  in other  States which submit  plan

      revisions under paragraph (2).

      "(2) Plan revisions.-Any State in which there is located all or

   part of an  ozone nonattainment area classified under subpart D of

   title  I as Serious, Severe,  or Extreme may submit  a revision of

   the  applicable implementation  plan under part  D of  title I and

   section 110 to  provide incentives for the sale  or use in such an

   area  or State of   clean-fuel  vehicles which are  required to be

   produced, sold,  and distributed  in the State  of California, and

   for the use  in such an area  or State of clean  alternative fuels

   required to  be produced  and distributed  by  fuel suppliers  and

   made available in California. Such plan provisions  shall not take

   effect until 1  year after the  State has provided notice  of such

   provisions to motor vehicle manufacturers and to fuel suppliers.

      "(3) Incentives.-The  incentives referred  to in  paragraph (2)

   may include any or all of the following:

         "(A)  A  State   registration  fee  on  new  motor  vehicles

      registered  in the State  which are not  clean-fuel vehicles in

      the amount  of at least 1  percent of the cost  of the vehicle.

      The proceeds of  such fee  shall be used  to provide  financial

      incentives to purchasers of  clean-fuel vehicles and to vehicle

      dealers who sell high volumes or high percentages of clean-fuel

      vehicles  and  to  defray   the  administrative  costs  of  the

      incentive program.

         "(B) Provisions  to  exempt  clean-fuel vehicles  from  high

      occupancy vehicle or trip reduction requirements.

         "(C) Provisions to provide preference in the use of existing

      parking spaces for clean-fuel vehicles.

   The incentives  under this paragraph shall  not apply  in the case

   of covered fleet vehicles.

      "(4) No  sales or production mandate.-The  regulations and plan

   revisions under  paragraphs  (1)  and (2)  shall  not include  any

   production  or sales  mandate  for  clean-fuel vehicles  or  clean

   alternative fuels. Such regulations and plan  revisions shall also

   provide that vehicle  manufacturers and fuel suppliers may  not be

   subject to penalties or sanctions  for failing to produce  or sell

   clean-fuel vehicles or clean alternative fuels.


   "(a) State Refueling  Facilities.-If any State adopts  enforceable

provisions  in an  implementation plan  applicable to  a nonattainment

area  which provides that existing  State refueling facilities will be

made available to  the public  for the purchase  of clean  alternative

fuels or that State-operated refueling facilities for  such fuels will

be  constructed and operated  by the State  and made available  to the

public at  reasonable times, taking into  consideration safety, costs,

and other relevant factors,  in approving such plan under  section 110

and part  D, the Administrator  may credit  a State with  the emission

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