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   under subsection (b)  or listing a source  category or subcategory

   under  subsection (c)  shall be a  final agency  action subject to

   judicial  review, except  that  any such  action may  be  reviewed

   under  such section  307 when  the  Administrator issues  emission

   standards for such pollutant or category.

      "(5)  Publicly owned  treatment works.-The  Administrator shall

   promulgate standards  pursuant  to  subsection (d)  applicable  to

   publicly owned  treatment works  (as defined  in title  II of  the

   Federal Water Pollution  Control Act) not later than 5 years after

   the date of enactment of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990.

   "(f) Standard To Protect Health and the Environment.-

      "(1) Report.-Not later than 6 years after the date of enactment

   of the  Clean Air Act Amendments  of 1990  the Administrator shall

   investigate  and  report,  after  consultation  with  the  Surgeon

   General and after opportunity for public comment, to Congress on-

         "(A)  methods  of  calculating  the  risk  to  public health

      remaining,  or  likely  to  remain,  from  sources  subject  to

      regulation  under  this  section   after  the  application   of

      standards under subsection (d);

         "(B)  the  public  health  significance  of  such  estimated

      remaining   risk  and  the   technologically  and  commercially

      available methods and costs of reducing such risks;

         "(C)  the  actual health  effects  with  respect  to persons

      living   in   the   vicinity   of    sources,   any   available

      epidemiological  or other  health  studies, risks  presented by

      background  concentrations  of  hazardous air  pollutants,  any

      uncertainties in  risk assessment  methodology or  other health

      assessment technique, and any negative health or  environmental

      consequences to  the community of efforts to reduce such risks;

      and

         "(D)   recommendations  as  to  legislation  regarding  such

      remaining risk.

      "(2) Emission standards.-

         "(A)  If  Congress   does  not  act  on  any  recommendation

      submitted under paragraph (1), the Administrator shall,  within

      8  years after promulgation  of standards for  each category or

      subcategory of sources  pursuant to subsection  (d), promulgate

      standards for such category or subcategory

      if  promulgation  of such  standards  is required  in  order to

      provide an ample margin  of safety to protect public  health in

      accordance with this section  (as in effect before the  date of

      enactment  of the  Clean  Air Act  Amendments  of 1990)  or  to

      prevent, taking into consideration  costs, energy, safety,  and

      other  relevant  factors,  an  adverse   environmental  effect.

      Emission  standards promulgated  under  this  subsection  shall

      provide an ample margin  of safety to protect public  health in

      accordance with this section  (as in effect before the  date of

      enactment  of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990), unless the

      Administrator  determines  that a  more  stringent  standard is

      necessary to  prevent, taking into consideration costs, energy,

      safety,  and other relevant  factors, an  adverse environmental

      effect.   If standards  promulgated pursuant to  subsection (d)

      and applicable to a category or subcategory of sources emitting

      a pollutant (or pollutants) classified as a known, probable  or

      possible human carcinogen do  not reduce lifetime excess cancer

      risks to the individual most exposed to emissions from a source

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