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      further progress'  means such annual incremental  reductions in

      emissions of the relevant air pollutant as are required by this

      part or may reasonably be required by the Administrator for the

      purpose of  ensuring  attainment  of  the  applicable  national

      ambient air quality standard by the applicable date.".

      (C) Amend paragraph (2) to read as follows:

         "(2)  Nonattainment  area.-The   term  `nonattainment  area'

      means,  for  any air  pollutant,  an area  which  is designated

      `nonattainment'  with  respect  to  that  pollutant  within the

      meaning of section 107(d).".

   (b)  Nonattainment Plan  Provisions  in  General.-Section 172  (42

U.S.C. 7502) of the Clean Air Act is amended to read as follows:

"SEC. 172. NONATTAINMENT PLAN PROVISIONS IN GENERAL.

   "(a) Classifications and Attainment Dates.-

         "(1)  Classifications.-(A)   On  or   after  the   date  the

      Administrator  promulgates  the designation  of  an  area as  a

      nonattainment area  pursuant to section 107(d)  with respect to

      any nation-

      al  ambient  air quality  standard  (or  any revised  standard,

      including a revision  of any standard in effect on  the date of

      the enactment of  the Clean  Air Act Amendments  of 1990),  the

      Administrator may classify the area for the purpose of applying

      an attainment  date pursuant  to paragraph  (2), and  for other

      purposes. In  determining  the appropriate  classification,  if

      any, for  a nonattainment area, the  Administrator may consider

      such  factors as the severity of nonattainment in such area and

      the  availability  and  feasibility of  the  pollution  control

      measures that  the Administrator  believes may be  necessary to

      provide for attainment of such standard in such area.

         "(B) The Administrator shall publish a notice in the Federal

      Register announcing each classification under subparagraph (A),

      except the  Administrator shall  provide an opportunity  for at

      least 30  days for  written comment. Such  classification shall

      not be subject to the provisions of sections 553 through 557 of

      title  5  of  the  United States  Code  (concerning  notice and

      comment)  and shall not be subject to judicial review until the

      Administrator takes final action under subsection (k) or (l) of

      section 110 (concerning action  on plan submissions) or section

      179 (concerning sanctions) with respect to any plan submissions

      required by virtue of such classification.

         "(C)  This  paragraph   shall  not  apply  with  respect  to

      nonattainment areas for which classifications  are specifically

      provided under other provisions of this part.

         "(2)  Attainment  dates  for  nonattainment  areas.-(A)  The

      attainment  date  for  an  area  designated nonattainment  with

      respect  to a  national  primary ambient  air quality  standard

      shall  be the  date  by which  attainment  can be  achieved  as

      expeditiously  as practicable, but  no later than  5 years from

      the date  such area was designated  nonattainment under section

      107(d), except that the Administrator may extend the attainment

      date to  the extent  the Administrator determines  appropriate,

      for  a period  no  greater  than  10 years  from  the  date  of

      designation  as  nonattainment,  considering  the  severity  of

      nonattainment and the availability and feasibility of pollution

      control measures.

         "(B)   The   attainment   date  for   an   area   designated

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