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   controlled  similar  unit, as  determined  by  the  Administrator.

   Emissions standards for existing units  in a category may  be less

   stringent than  standards for new units  in the  same category but

   shall  not be less stringent than the average emissions limitation

   achieved  by  the best  performing  12  percent  of  units in  the

   category  (excluding  units  which  first  met  lowest  achievable

   emissions  rates 18  months  before the  date such  standards  are

   proposed  or  30  months  before  the  date  such  standards   are

   promulgated, whichever is later).

      "(3) Control methods  and technologies.-Standards under section

   111 and this section applicable to solid waste in-

   cineration  units shall  be based on  methods and technologies for

   removal  or destruction  of pollutants  before,  during, or  after

   combustion,   and  shall   incorporate   for   new  units   siting

   requirements  that  minimize, on  a site  specific  basis,  to the

   maximum extent  practicable, potential risks  to public health  or

   the environment.

      "(4) Numerical emissions limitations.-The performance standards

   promulgated under section 111 and  this section and applicable  to

   solid waste  incineration units  shall specify numerical  emission

   limitations for  the following substances or mixtures: particulate

   matter   (total  and  fine),   opacity  (as  appropriate),  sulfur

   dioxide,  hydrogen chloride, oxides of  nitrogen, carbon monoxide,

   lead,  cadmium,  mercury,  and dioxins  and  dibenzofurans.    The

   Administrator may  promulgate numerical  emissions limitations  or

   provide  for the  monitoring  of postcombustion  concentrations of

   surrogate substances, parameters  or periods of residence  time in

   excess of  stated temperatures  with respect  to pollutants  other

   than those listed in this paragraph.

      "(5) Review and revision.-Not later than  5 years following the

   initial  promulgation  of  any  performance  standards  and  other

   requirements  under this section and  section 111  applicable to a

   category  of  solid  waste  incineration  units,  and  at  5  year

   intervals  thereafter,  the Administrator  shall  review,  and  in

   accordance  with  this  section  and  section   111,  revise  such

   standards and requirements.

   "(b) Existing Units.-

      "(1)  Guidelines.-Performance standards under  this section and

   section  111 for  solid  waste  incineration units  shall  include

   guidelines   promulgated  pursuant  to  section  111(d)  and  this

   section  applicable  to  existing  units.  Such  guidelines  shall

   include,  as provided  in  this  section,  each  of  the  elements

   required    by    subsection    (a)    (emissions     limitations,

   notwithstanding   any  restriction  in  section  111(d)  regarding

   issuance  of  such   limitations),  subsection  (c)  (monitoring),

   subsection (d) (operator training), subsection  (e) (permits), and

   subsection (h)(4) (residual risk).

      "(2) State plans.-Not later than 1 year after the Administrator

   promulgates guidelines for a category of  solid waste incineration

   units,  each State  in which units  in the  category are operating

   shall submit to  the Administrator a plan to implement and enforce

   the guidelines  with respect to such  units. The  State plan shall

   be  at least  as protective as  the guidelines  promulgated by the

   Administrator and  shall provide  that  each unit  subject to  the

   guidelines shall  be in compliance with  all requirements  of this

   section not later than  3 years after  the State plan is  approved

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