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   (g) Sanctions.-After section 178 of  the Clean Air Act  (42 U.S.C.

   7508) insert:

"SEC. 179. SANCTIONS AND CONSEQUENCES OF FAILURE TO ATTAIN.

   "(a) State Failure.-For  any implementation plan or  plan revision

required under  this part  (or required  in response  to a  finding of

substantialinadequacyasdescribedinsection110(k)(5)),ifthe                                                       Administrator-

      "(1)  finds that  a State  has failed,  for an  area designated

   nonattainment  under  section 107(d),  to  submit  a plan,  or  to

   submit  1  or  more  of   the  elements  (as  determined   by  the

   Administrator) required by  the provisions of this  Act applicable

   to such  an area, or has  failed to make a  submission for such an

   area that satisfies  the minimum criteria established  in relation

   to any such element under section 110(k),

      "(2) disapproves a submission under section 110(k), for an area

   designated  nonattainment   under  section  107,   based  on   the

   submission's failure to  meet one or more of the elements required

   by the provisions of this Act applicable to such an area,

      "(3)(A)  determines  that  a  State  has  failed  to  make  any

   submission  as may  be  required under  this  Act, other  than one

   described  under  paragraph  (1) or  (2),  including  an  adequate

   maintenance plan, or has failed to make any  submission, as may be

   required under this Act, other than one described under  paragraph

   (1) or  (2), that  satisfies the  minimum criteria  established in

   relation to such submission under section 110(k)(1)(A), or  

      "(B) disapproves  in whole  or in  part a  submission described

   under subparagraph (A), or

      "(4)  finds  that  any  requirement  of  an  approved plan  (or

   approved part of a plan) is not being implemented,

unless such deficiency has  been corrected within 18 months  after the

finding, disapproval, or determination  referred to in paragraphs (1),

(2), (3),  and (4), one of the sanctions referred to in subsection (b)

shall apply, as selected by the Administrator, until the Administrator

determines that the State has come into compliance, except that if the

Administrator  finds  a  lack  of good  faith,  sanctions  under  both

paragraph  (1) and paragraph (2)  of subsection (b)  shall apply until

the Administrator determines that the State has come  into compliance.

If  the Administrator  has  selected one  of  such sanctions  and  the

deficiency  has  not  been   corrected  within  6  months  thereafter,

sanctions under both paragraph (1) and paragraph (2) of subsection (b)

shall apply until the Administrator determines that the State has come

into  compliance.  In addition  to  any other  sanction  applicable as

provided in this section, the Administrator may with-

hold  all or part of the grants  for support of air pollution planning

and control  programs that the  Administrator may award  under section

105.

   "(b)  Sanctions.-The sanctions  available to  the Administrator as

provided in subsection (a) are as follows:

      "(1) Highway  sanctions.-(A)  The Administrator  may  impose  a

   prohibition, applicable to  a nonattainment area, on  the approval

   by  the  Secretary  of  Transportation  of  any  projects  or  the

   awarding by  the Secretary of any  grants, under  title 23, United

   States Code,  other than projects or  grants for  safety where the

   Secretary determines, based on accident or  other appropriate data

   submitted by the  State, that the principal purpose of the project

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