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of this title shall not exempt or exclude the owner or operator of any

source subject to this title from compliance with any other applicable

requirements of this Act.  

"SEC. 414. ENFORCEMENT.

   "It shall be  unlawful for  any person  subject to  this title  to

violate any prohibition of,  requirement of, or regulation promulgated

pursuant to this title shall  be a violation of this Act.  In addition

to the other requirements and prohibitions provided for in this title,

the operation of any affected unit to emit sulfur dioxide in excess of

allowances held  for such unit shall be  deemed a violation, with each

ton  emitted  in excess  of  allowances held  constituting  a separate

violation.  

"SEC. 415. CLEAN COAL TECHNOLOGY REGULATORY INCENTIVES.

   "(a)  Definition.-For  purposes  of  this   section,  `clean  coal

technology'  means any  technology, including technologies  applied at

the precombustion, combustion, or  post combustion stage, at a  new or

existing  facility which  will achieve  significant reductions  in air

emissions  of sulfur dioxide or oxides of nitrogen associated with the

utilization of coal  in the generation of electricity,  process steam,

or industrial products, which is not in widespread use as  of the date

of enactment of this title.

   "(b)    Revised    Regulations    for   Clean    Coal   Technology

Demonstrations.-

      "(1)  Applicability.-This  subsection  applies to  physical  or

   operational changes  to existing facilities  for the sole  purpose

   of installation, operation,  cessation, or removal of  a temporary

   or permanent clean coal technology demonstration  project. For the

   purposes of  this section, a  clean coal technology  demonstration

   project shall mean  a project using funds  appropriated under  the

   heading  `Department of  Energy-Clean Coal  Technology',  up to  a

   total  amount of  $2,500,000,000 for  commercial  demonstration of

   clean  coal   technology,  or  similar   projects  funded  through

   appropriations  for  the  Environmental  Protection   Agency.  The

   Federal contribution  for a qualifying  project shall be at  least

   20 percent of the total cost of the demonstration project.

      "(2) Temporary projects.-Installation, operation, cessation, or

   removal  of  a  temporary  clean  coal   technology  demonstration

   project that is  operated for a period of  five years or less, and

   which complies with  the State implementation plans for  the State

   in  which the project is  located and other requirements necessary

   to attain  and maintain the national ambient air quality standards

   during and  after the  project is  terminated,  shall not  subject

   such facility to  the requirements of section  111 or part C  or D

   of title I.

      "(3)  Permanent projects.-For  permanent clean  coal technology

   demonstration projects  that constitute  repowering as  defined in

   section 402(l) of  this title, any qualifying project shall not be

   subject to  standards of performance under  section 111  or to the

   review and  permitting requirements  of part  C for any  pollutant

   the potential emissions of  which will not increase as a result of

   the demonstration project.

      "(4) EPA regulations.-Not later  than 12 months after  the date

   of enactment,  the Administrator  shall promulgate regulations  or

   interpretive rulings to revise requirements under  section 111 and

   parts  C and D, as appropriate,  to facilitate projects consistent

   in  this  subsection.   With  respect  to  parts  C  and  D,  such

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