of this title shall not exempt or exclude the owner or operator of any
source subject to this title from compliance with any other applicable
requirements of this Act.
"SEC. 414. ENFORCEMENT.
"It shall be unlawful for any person subject to this title to
violate any prohibition of, requirement of, or regulation promulgated
pursuant to this title shall be a violation of this Act. In addition
to the other requirements and prohibitions provided for in this title,
the operation of any affected unit to emit sulfur dioxide in excess of
allowances held for such unit shall be deemed a violation, with each
ton emitted in excess of allowances held constituting a separate
"SEC. 415. CLEAN COAL TECHNOLOGY REGULATORY INCENTIVES.
"(a) Definition.-For purposes of this section, `clean coal
technology' means any technology, including technologies applied at
the precombustion, combustion, or post combustion stage, at a new or
existing facility which will achieve significant reductions in air
emissions of sulfur dioxide or oxides of nitrogen associated with the
utilization of coal in the generation of electricity, process steam,
or industrial products, which is not in widespread use as of the date
of enactment of this title.
"(b) Revised Regulations for Clean Coal Technology
"(1) Applicability.-This subsection applies to physical or
operational changes to existing facilities for the sole purpose
of installation, operation, cessation, or removal of a temporary
or permanent clean coal technology demonstration project. For the
purposes of this section, a clean coal technology demonstration
project shall mean a project using funds appropriated under the
heading `Department of Energy-Clean Coal Technology', up to a
total amount of $2,500,000,000 for commercial demonstration of
clean coal technology, or similar projects funded through
appropriations for the Environmental Protection Agency. The
Federal contribution for a qualifying project shall be at least
20 percent of the total cost of the demonstration project.
"(2) Temporary projects.-Installation, operation, cessation, or
removal of a temporary clean coal technology demonstration
project that is operated for a period of five years or less, and
which complies with the State implementation plans for the State
in which the project is located and other requirements necessary
to attain and maintain the national ambient air quality standards
during and after the project is terminated, shall not subject
such facility to the requirements of section 111 or part C or D
of title I.
"(3) Permanent projects.-For permanent clean coal technology
demonstration projects that constitute repowering as defined in
section 402(l) of this title, any qualifying project shall not be
subject to standards of performance under section 111 or to the
review and permitting requirements of part C for any pollutant
the potential emissions of which will not increase as a result of
the demonstration project.
"(4) EPA regulations.-Not later than 12 months after the date
of enactment, the Administrator shall promulgate regulations or
interpretive rulings to revise requirements under section 111 and
parts C and D, as appropriate, to facilitate projects consistent
in this subsection. With respect to parts C and D, such