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   is  an  improvement in  safety to  resolve  a  demonstrated safety

   problem and likely will result  in a significant reduction  in, or

   avoidance of, accidents.  Such prohibition  shall become effective

   upon the selection by the Administrator of this sanction.

      "(B)  In addition  to safety,  projects or  grants that  may be

   approved  by  the Secretary,  notwithstanding  the prohibition  in

   subparagraph (A), are the following-

         "(i) capital programs for public transit;

         "(ii) construction or  restriction of certain roads or lanes

      solely  for  the use  of  passenger  buses  or  high  occupancy

      vehicles;

         "(iii)  planning for  requirements for  employers to  reduce

      employee work-trip-related vehicle emissions;

         "(iv)  highway  ramp  metering,  traffic  signalization, and

      related programs  that improve traffic  flow and achieve  a net

      emission reduction;

         "(v) fringe  and transportation  corridor parking facilities

      serving   multiple  occupancy   vehicle  programs   or  transit

      operations;

         "(vi) programs to limit  or restrict vehicle use in downtown

      areas  or other  areas  of emission  concentration particularly

      during periods of  peak use, through  road use charges,  tolls,

      parking  surcharges,  or   other  pricing  mechanisms,  vehicle

      restricted zones or periods, or vehicle registration programs;

         "(vii) programs for breakdown and accident scene management,

      nonrecurring  congestion, and  vehicle information  systems, to

      reduce congestion and emissions; and  

         "(viii)  such other  transportation-related programs  as the

      Administrator,   in   consultation   with  the   Secretary   of

      Transportation, finds  would improve air quality  and would not

      encourage single occupancy vehicle capacity.  

   In considering  such measures,  the State  should  seek to  ensure

   adequate access  to downtown,  other  commercial, and  residential

   areas,   and   avoid  increasing   or  relocating   emissions  and

   congestion rather than reducing them.  

   "(2) Offsets.-In  applying  the emissions  offset requirements  of

section 173 to new or modified sources or emissions units  for which a

permit  is required under part D,  the ratio of emission reductions to

increased emissions shall be at least 2 to 1.  

   "(c)  Notice  of  Failure  To  Attain.-(1)   As  expeditiously  as

practicable after the applicable attainment date for any nonattainment

area, but not later than 6  months after such date, the  Administrator

shall determine, based on the area's  air quality as of the attainment

date, whether the area attained the standard by that date.

   "(2)  Upon  making  the determination  under  paragraph  (1),  the

Administrator  shall   publish  a  notice  in   the  Federal  Register

containing  such  determination and  identifying  each  area that  the

Administrator   has  determined   to  have   failed  to   attain.  The

Administrator may revise or supplement such  determination at any time

based  on more complete information or  analysis concerning the area's

air quality as of the attainment date.  

   "(d)  Consequences for Failure To Attain.-(1)  Within 1 year after

the  Administrator  publishes  the   notice  under  subsection  (c)(2)

(relating to notice  of failure  to attain), each  State containing  a

nonattainment  area   shall  submit  a  revision   to  the  applicable

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