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process  refrigeration. Such  standards and requirements  shall become

effective not later than July 1, 1992.

   "(2) The  Administrator shall, within 4  years after the enactment

of  the  Clean Air  Act  Amendments  of  1990, promulgate  regulations

establishing standards and requirements  regarding use and disposal of

class I and II substances not covered by paragraph  (1), including the

use and disposal  of class  II substances during  service, repair,  or

disposal of appliances and industrial process refrigeration.  Such

standards and requirements  shall become effective  not later than  12

months after promulgation of the regulations.

   "(3)   The  regulations  under   this  subsection   shall  include

requirements that-

      "(A)  reduce the  use and  emission of  such substances  to the

   lowest achievable level, and

      "(B) maximize  the recapture and recycling  of such substances.

   Such  regulations  may  include  requirements  to use  alternative

   substances (including  substances which are  not class I or  class

   II  substances)  or  to  minimize use  of  class  I  or  class  II

   substances, or to  promote the  use of safe  alternatives pursuant

   to section 612 or any combination of the foregoing.

   "(b) Safe  Disposal.-The  regulations under  subsection (a)  shall

establish  standards and requirements for the safe disposal of class I

and  II  substances.  Such  regulations  shall  include  each  of  the


      "(1) Requirements that class I or class II substances contained

   in bulk  in appliances, machines or  other goods  shall be removed

   from  each such  appliance,  machine or  other  good prior  to the

   disposal of such items or their delivery for recycling.

      "(2)  Requirements that  any appliance,  machine or  other good

   containing a class  I or class II  substance in bulk shall  not be

   manufactured,  sold,  or distributed  in  interstate  commerce  or

   offered for sale or distribution in interstate commerce unless  it

   is equipped  with a  servicing  aperture or  an equally  effective

   design  feature  which  will  facilitate  the  recapture  of  such

   substance during service and repair or disposal of such item.

      "(3) Requirements that any product in which a class  I or class

   II substance  is  incorporated  so as  to  constitute an  inherent

   element of  such product shall  be disposed  of in  a manner  that

   reduces, to the  maximum extent practicable, the  release of  such

   substance  into the  environment. If  the Administrator determines

   that  the  application  of this  paragraph  to  any product  would

   result  in producing  only  insignificant  environmental benefits,

   the Administrator shall  include in such regulations  an exception

   for such product.

   "(c)  Prohibitions.-(1)  Effective  July  1,  1992,  it  shall  be

unlawful  for any  person,  in the  course of  maintaining, servicing,

repairing,  or  disposing  of   an  appliance  or  industrial  process

refrigeration,  to knowingly  vent or  otherwise knowingly  release or

dispose of any class I  or class II substance used as a refrigerant in

such appliance (or industrial process refrigeration) in a manner which

permits such  substance to enter the environment.  De minimis releases

associated with good faith attempts to recapture and recycle or safely

dispose of any such substance shall not be subject to  the prohibition

set forth in the preceding sentence.

   "(2) Effective 5 years  after the enactment of  the Clean Air  Act

Amendments of 1990,  paragraph (1)  shall also apply  to the  venting,

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