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release, or disposal  of any  substitute substance  for a  class I  or

class II substance by any person maintaining, servicing, repairing, or

disposing of  an appliance  or industrial process  refrigeration which

contains  and uses  as a  refrigerant any  such substance,  unless the

Administrator determines that venting, releasing, or disposing of such

substance does not pose a threat to the environment. For purposes of

this  paragraph,  the  term  `appliance'  includes  any  device  which

contains and uses as a refrigerant a substitute substance and which is

used  for   household  or  commercial  purposes,   including  any  air

conditioner, refrigerator, chiller, or freezer.

"SEC. 609. SERVICING OF MOTOR VEHICLE AIR CONDITIONERS.

   "(a)  Regulations.-Within 1 year after  the enactment of the Clean

Air  Act  Amendments  of  1990,  the  Administrator  shall  promulgate

regulations in accordance with this section establishing standards and

requirements   regarding   the   servicing  of   motor   vehicle   air

conditioners.

   "(b) Definitions.-As used in this section-

      "(1)  The  term `refrigerant'  means any  class  I or  class II

   substance used  in a motor  vehicle air  conditioner. Effective  5

   years  after the  enactment  of the  Clean  Air Act  Amendments of

   1990, the  term   `refrigerant' shall also  include any substitute

   substance.

      "(2)(A)  The term  `approved  refrigerant recycling  equipment'

   means equipment certified by the Administrator  (or an independent

   standards  testing organization approved by  the Administrator) to

   meet  the   standards   established  by   the  Administrator   and

   applicable  to equipment  for the  extraction  and reclamation  of

   refrigerant from motor  vehicle air  conditioners. Such  standards

   shall, at a minimum, be at least as stringent  as the standards of

   the Society  of Automotive Engineers in  effect as of  the date of

   the  enactment  of  the  Clean  Air  Act  Amendments  of  1990 and

   applicable to such equipment (SAE standard J-1990).

      "(B)  Equipment purchased  before the  proposal of  regulations

   under  this  section  shall  be  considered  certified  if  it  is

   substantially identical  to  equipment  certified as  provided  in

   subparagraph (A).

      "(3) The term  `properly using' means, with respect to approved

   refrigerant   recycling  equipment,   using  such   equipment   in

   conformity  with standards  established by  the  Administrator and

   applicable to the  use of such equipment. Such standards shall, at

   a  minimum, be  at  least as  stringent  as the  standards of  the

   Society of Automotive Engineers  in effect as of  the date of  the

   enactment of the Clean Air  Act Amendments of 1990  and applicable

   to the use of such equipment (SAE standard J-1989).

      "(4) The  term `properly trained and  certified' means training

   and  certification  in  the proper  use  of  approved  refrigerant

   recycling  equipment   for  motor  vehicle   air  conditioners  in

   conformity  with standards  established by  the Administrator  and

   applicable to  the performance  of  service on  motor vehicle  air

   conditioners. Such standards shall, at  a minimum, be at  least as

   stringent  as specified, as  of the  date of the  enactment of the

   Clean  Air Act  Amendments of 1990,  in SAE  standard J-1989 under

   the   certification  program   of  the   National   Institute  for

   Automotive Service  Excellence (ASE)  or under  a similar  program

   such as the training and  certification program of the  Mobile Air

   Conditioning Society (MACS).

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