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   date   the  administrative  penalty   order  becomes  final  under

   paragraph (2), the  assessment becomes final under  paragraph (3),

   or  a final  decision following a  hearing under  paragraph (3) is

   rendered, and  by simultaneously sending a  copy of  the filing by

   certified  mail to  the Administrator  and  the Attorney  General.

   Within 30  days thereafter, the Administrator  shall file  in such

   court a  certified copy,  or certified index,  as appropriate,  of

   the  record   on  which  the   administrative  penalty  order   or

   assessment was  issued. Such court shall  not set  aside or remand

   such order or  assessment unless there is not substantial evidence

   in the  record, taken  as a  whole, to  support the  finding of  a

   violation or  unless the order  or penalty assessment  constitutes

   an abuse  of discretion.  Such order  or penalty assessment  shall

   not be subject  to review by any court  except as provided in this

   paragraph. In any  such proceedings, the United States may seek to

   recover civil penalties ordered or assessed under this section.

      "(5) If  any  person fails  to  pay an  assessment  of a  civil

   penalty or fails to comply with an administrative penalty order-

         "(A) after the order or assessment has become final, or

         "(B) after a court in an action brought under paragraph  (4)

      has entered a final judgment in favor of the Administrator,

   the Administrator shall  request the Attorney General  to bring  a

   civil  action in  an  appropriate district  court to  enforce  the

   order or to  recover the amount ordered or assessed (plus interest

   at  rates  established  pursuant  to  section  6621(a)(2)  of  the

   Internal Revenue Code of 1986 from the date of  the final order or

   decision or the date of the final  judgment, as the case may  be).

   In  such an  action, the validity,  amount, and appropriateness of

   such  order or  assessment  shall not  be  subject to  review. Any

   person who fails to pay  on a timely basis a civil penalty ordered

   or assessed  under  this section  shall  be  required to  pay,  in

   addition  to  such   penalty  and  interest,  the   United  States

   enforcement expenses, including but not limited  to attorneys fees

   and  costs   incurred  by   the  United   States  for   collection

   proceedings and  a quarterly nonpayment  penalty for each  quarter

   during  which  such  failure  to  pay  persists.  Such  nonpayment

   penalty shall  be  10 percent  of  the  aggregate amount  of  such

   person's outstanding  penalties and  nonpayment penalties  accrued

   as of the beginning of such quarter.

   "(e) Penalty Assessment  Criteria.-(1) In  determining the  amount

of any penalty  to be assessed  under this section or  section 304(a),

the  Administrator  or  the  court, as  appropriate,  shall  take into

consideration  (in addition  to  such  other  factors as  justice  may

require) the size of the business,  the economic impact of the penalty

on the business, the violator's full compliance history and good faith

efforts to comply, the duration of the violation as established by any

credible evidence  (including evidence other than  the applicable test

method),  payment by the violator of penalties previously assessed for

the same  violation, the  economic benefit  of noncompliance, and  the

seriousness of the violation. The court shall not assess penalties for

noncompliance with administrative subpoenas  under section 307(a),  or

actions  under section  114  of  this  Act,  where  the  violator  had

sufficient  cause to  violate or  fail or refuse  to comply  with such

subpoena or action.

   "(2) A  penalty may  be assessed  for each day  of violation.  For

purposes of determining  the number of days  of violation for which  a

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