the Department of Energy, shall conduct a study and test program on
the development of a hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicle. The study
and test program shall determine how best to transfer existing NASA
hydrogen fuel cell technology into the form of a mass-producible, cost
effective hydrogen fuel cell vehicle. Such study and test program
shall include at a minimum a feasibility-design study, the
construction of a prototype, and a demonstration. This study and test
program should be completed and a report submitted to Congress within
3 years after the enactment of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990.
This study and test program should be performed in the university or
universities which are best exhibiting the facilities and expertise to
develop such a fuel cell vehicle.
SEC. 808. RENEWABLE ENERGY AND ENERGY CONSERVATION INCENTIVES.
(a) Definition.-For purposes of this section, "renewable energy"
means energy from photovoltaic, solar thermal, wind, geothermal, and
biomass energy production technologies.
(b) Rate Incentives Study.-Within 18 months after enactment, the
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, in consultation with the
Environmental Protection Agency, shall complete a study which
calculates the net environmental benefits of renewable energy,
compared to nonrenewable energy, and assigns numerical values to them.
The study shall include, but not be limited to, environmental impacts
on air, water, land use, water use, human health, and waste disposal.
(c) Model Regulations.-In conjunction with the study in
subsection (b), the Commission shall propose one or more models for
incorporating the net environmental benefits into the regulatory
treatment of renewable energy in order to provide economic
compensation for those benefits.
(d) Report.-The Commission shall transmit the study and the model
regulations to Congress, along with any recommendations on the best
ways to reward renewable energy technologies for their environmental
benefits, in a report no later than 24 months after enactment.
SEC. 809. CLEAN AIR STUDY OF SOUTHWESTERN NEW MEXICO.
The Administrator shall conduct a study of the causes of degraded
visibility in southwestern New Mexico. The Administrator, in
consultation with the Secretary of State, is encouraged to cooperate
with the Government of Mexico, other Federal agencies, and any other
appropriate organizations in conducting the study. Nothing in
this section shall be construed as contravening or superseding the
provisions of any international agreement in force for the United
States as of the date of enactment of this section, or any relevant
SEC. 810. IMPACT ON SMALL COMMUNITIES.
Before implementing a provision of this Act, the Administrator of
the Environmental Protection Agency shall consult with the Small
Communities Coordinator of the Environmental Protection Agency to
determine the impact of such provision on small communities, including
the estimated cost of compliance with such provision.
SEC. 811. EQUIVALENT AIR QUALITY CONTROLS AMONG TRADING NATIONS.
(a) Findings.-The Congress finds that-
(1) all nations have the responsibility to adopt and enforce
effective air quality standards and requirements and the United
States, in enacting this Act, is carrying out its responsibility
in this regard;
(2) as a result of complying with this Act, businesses in the
United States will make significant capital investments and incur