X hits on this document

724 views

0 shares

0 downloads

0 comments

304 / 316

Air Act is amended to read as follows:

      "(c)   Air  Pollutant   Monitoring,  Analysis,   Modeling,  and

   Inventory  Research.-In   carrying   out   subsection   (a),   the

   Administrator shall  conduct a program  of research, testing,  and

   development  of  methods  for  sampling, measurement,  monitoring,

   analysis,  and modeling  of  air  pollutants. Such  program  shall

   include the following elements:

         "(1)   Consideration  of  individual,  as  well  as  complex

      mixtures of, air pollutants and their  chemical transformations

      in the atmosphere.

         "(2)  Establishment  of  a  national  network   to  monitor,

      collect, and  compile data with quantification  of certainty in

      the  status  and  trends  of  air  emissions,  deposition,  air

      quality,  surface   water   quality,  forest   condition,   and

      visibility impairment,  and to ensure the  comparability of air

      quality data  collected in  different States and  obtained from

      different nations.

         "(3) Development  of improved methods  and technologies  for

      sampling,  measurement, monitoring,  analysis, and  modeling to

      increase  understanding  of the  sources  of ozone  percursors,

      ozone formation, ozone transport, regional  influences on urban

      ozone, regional  ozone trends,  and interactions of  ozone with

      other pollutants. Emphasis shall  be placed on those techniques

      which-

           "(A)   improve  the  ability  to  inventory  emissions  of

         volatile   organic  compounds   and  nitrogen   oxides  that

         contribute to  urban air pollution, including  anthropogenic

         and natural sources;

           "(B) improve  the understanding of  the mechanism  through

         which  anthropogenic and biogenic volatile organic compounds

         react to form ozone and other oxidants; and

           "(C)  improve   the  ability  to   identify  and  evaluate

         region-specific  prevention  and  control options  for ozone

         pollution.

         "(4)  Submission of  periodic reports  to the  Congress, not

      less than once  every 5  years, which evaluate  and assess  the

      effectiveness of air pollution control regulations and programs

      using monitoring  and  modeling   data  obtained  pursuant   to

      this subsection.

      "(d)   Environmental   Health    Effects   Research.-(1)    The

   Administrator, in  consultation with the  Secretary of Health  and

   Human  Services,   shall  conduct  a   research  program  on   the

   short-term  and  long-term effects  of  air  pollutants, including

   wood smoke, on human  health. In conducting such  research program

   the Administrator-

         "(A)  shall  conduct   studies,  including  epidemiological,

      clinical,  and laboratory  and field  studies, as  necessary to

      identify and evaluate exposure to and effects of air pollutants

      on human health;

         "(B) may utilize, on a reimbursable basis, the facilities of

      existing  Federal scientific laboratories and research centers;

      and

         "(C)  shall consult  with other  Federal agencies  to ensure

      that  similar research  being  conducted in  other agencies  is

      coordinated to avoid duplication.

      "(2) In conducting the  research program under this subsection,

Document info
Document views724
Page views724
Page last viewedWed Dec 07 14:43:13 UTC 2016
Pages316
Paragraphs17372
Words148898

Comments