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         methodology for dense gas models; and

           "(ii)  the  application  of  such  methodology  to current

         dense gas dispersion  models using data generated from field

         experiments; and

         "(C)  evaluate the  effectiveness of  hazard  mitigation and

      emergency response technology for fixed site and transportation

      related  accidental  releases  of  toxic  chemicals.     Models

      pertaining  to  accidental  release   shall  be  evaluated  and

      improved   periodically  for  their  utility  in  planning  and

      implementing   evacuation   procedures  and   other  mitigative

      strategies designed to minimize human exposure to hazardous air

      pollutants released accidentally.

      "(3) The Secretary of Energy shall make available to interested

   persons (including other Federal agencies and  businesses) the use

   of the  Liquefied Gaseous  Fuels  Spill Test  Facility to  conduct

   research and  other activities in  connection with the  activities

   described in this subsection.".

   (c)  Additional Provisions.-Section  103 of  the Clean Air  Act is

amended by inserting after subsection (f) the following:

      "(g)  Pollution Prevention  and Emissions  Control.-In carrying

   out  subsection  (a),  the Administrator  shall  conduct  a  basic

   engineering research and technology program  to develop, evaluate,

   and demonstrate  nonregulatory strategies and technologies for air

   pollution  prevention. Such  strategies and  technologies shall be

   developed  with  priority   on  those  pollutants  which   pose  a

   significant risk  to human  health and the  environment, and  with

   opportunities  for  participation  by  industry,  public  interest

   groups,   scientists,  and   other   interested  persons   in  the

   development  of such  strategies  and technologies.  Such  program

   shall include the following elements:

         "(1)   Improvements   in    nonregulatory   strategies   and

      technologies   for   preventing   or   reducing   multiple  air

      pollutants,  including  sulfur oxides,  nitrogen  oxides, heavy

      metals, PM-10 (particulate matter), carbon monoxide, and carbon

      dioxide, from  stationary sources, including  fossil fuel power

      plants.   Such  strategies   and  technologies   shall  include

      improvements  in the relative cost effectiveness and long-range

      implications   of   various   air   pollutant   reduction   and

      nonregulatory control strategies  such as energy  conservation,

      including  end-use efficiency,  and  fuel-switching to  cleaner

      fuels. Such strategies and technologies shall be considered for

      existing and new facilities.

         "(2)   Improvements   in    nonregulatory   strategies   and

      technologies for reducing air emissions from area sources.

         "(3)   Improvements   in    nonregulatory   strategies   and

      technologies   for   preventing,   detecting,  and   correcting

      accidental releases of hazardous air pollutants.

         "(4)   Improvements   in    nonregulatory   strategies   and

      technologies that dispose  of tires in ways  that avoid adverse

      air quality impacts.

     Nothing in this  subsection shall be construed  to authorize the

   imposition on  any person of  air pollution control  requirements.

   The  Administrator shall  consult with  other  appropriate Federal

   agencies  to  ensure  coordination and  to  avoid  duplication  of

   activities authorized under this subsection.

      "(h) NIEHS Studies.-(1) The  Director of the National Institute

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