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   average vehicle occupancy rates which vary for locations  within a

   nonattainment  area (suburban, center city,  business district) or

   among nonattainment areas reflecting existing occupancy rates  and

   the  availability of  high  occupancy  modes. The  revision  shall

   provide  that  each  employer  subject  to   a  vehicle  occupancy

   requirement shall  submit a  compliance plan within  2 years after

   the  date  the  revision is  submitted  which  shall  convincingly

   demonstrate compliance with the re-

   quirements  of this  paragraph not later  than 4  years after such

   date.

      "(2)  Offset requirement.-For purposes of satisfying the offset

   requirements pursuant to  this part, the ratio  of total  emission

   reductions  of VOCs  to  total  increased emissions  of  such  air

   pollutant  shall be at least  1.3 to 1,  except that  if the State

   plan  requires all  existing major  sources  in the  nonattainment

   area  to use  best available  control  technology  (as defined  in

   section 169(3))  for the  control of  volatile organic  compounds,

   the ratio shall be at least 1.2 to 1.

      "(3) Enforcement  under section 185.-By December  31, 2000, the

   State shall submit a  plan revision which includes  the provisions

   required under section 185.

Any reference to  the term `attainment date' in subsection (b) or (c),

which  is incorporated by  reference into  this subsection  (d), shall

refer to the attainment date for Severe Areas.

   "(e) Extreme Areas.-Each State in which all or part of an  Extreme

Area is  located shall,  with respect to  the Extreme  Area, make  the

submissions described under subsection (d) (relating to Severe Areas),

and  shall also submit the revisions  to the applicable implementation

plan (including the  plan items) described under this  subsection. The

provisions  of  clause  (ii)  of  subsection  (c)(2)(B)  (relating  to

reductions of less than  3 percent), the provisions of  paragaphs (6),

(7) and  (8)  of  subsection (c)  (relating  to de  minimus  rule  and

modification  of  sources),  and  the  provisions  of  clause  (ii) of

subsection (b)(1)(A)  (relating to reductions of less than 15 percent)

shall not apply in the case of an Extreme Area. For any Extreme  Area,

the terms `major  source' and `major  stationary source' includes  (in

addition  to the  sources  described in  section  302) any  stationary

source or  group of sources located within a contiguous area and under

common  control that emits, or has the  potential to emit, at least 10

tons per year of volatile organic compounds.

      "(1) Offset  requirement.-For purposes of satisfying the offset

   requirements pursuant to this  part, the  ratio of total  emission

   reductions  of  VOCs to  total  increased  emissions  of such  air

   pollutant  shall be at least  1.5 to 1,  except that  if the State

   plan  requires all  existing major  sources  in the  nonattainment

   area to  use  best  available control  technology  (as defined  in

   section 169(3))  for the  control of  volatile organic  compounds,

   the ratio shall be at least 1.2 to 1.

      "(2)   Modifications-Any  change   (as  described   in  section

   111(a)(4))  at  a  major stationary  source  which results  in any

   increase in  emissions from any discrete operation, unit, or other

   pollutant emitting  activity at the source  shall be  considered a

   modification  for   purposes  of  section  172(c)(5)  and  section

   173(a),  except  that for  purposes of  complying with  the offset

   requirement pursuant  to  section  173(a)(1),  any  such  increase

   shall not  be considered a modification  if the  owner or operator

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