used in evaluating the relative cost-effectiveness of various options
for the control of emissions from existing stationary sources of air
pollutants which contribute to nonattainment of the national ambient
air quality standards for ozone.
"(e) Control of Emissions From Certain Sources.-
"(1) Definitions.-For purposes of this subsection-
"(A) Best available controls.-The term `best available
controls' means the degree of emissions reduction that the
Administrator determines, on the basis of technological and
economic feasibility, health, environmental, and energy
impacts, is achievable through the application of the most
effective equipment, measures, processes, methods, systems or
techniques, including chemical reformulation, product or
feedstock substitution, repackaging, and directions for use,
consumption, storage, or disposal.
"(B) Consumer or commercial product.-The term `consumer or
commercial product' means any substance, product (including
paints, coatings, and solvents), or article (including any
container or packaging) held by any person, the use,
consumption, storage, disposal, destruction, or decomposition
of which may result in the release of volatile organic
compounds. The term does not include fuels or fuel additives
regulated under section 211, or motor vehicles, non-road
vehicles, and non-road engines as defined under section 216.
"(C) Regulatedentities.-The term `regulated entities' means-
"(i) manufacturers, processors, wholesale distributors,
or importers of consumer or commercial products for sale or
distribution in interstate commerce in the United States; or
"(ii) manufacturers, processors, wholesale distributors,
or importers that supply the entities listed under clause
(i) with such products for sale or distribution in
interstate commerce in the United States.
"(2) Study and report.-
"(A) Study.-The Administrator shall conduct a study of the
emissions of volatile organic compounds into the ambient air
from consumer and commercial products (or any combination
thereof) in order to-
"(i) determine their potential to contribute to ozone
levels which violate the national ambient air quality
standard for ozone; and
"(ii) establish criteria for regulating consumer and
commercial products or classes or categories thereof which
shall be subject to control under this subsection.
The study shall be completed and a report submitted to Congress
not later than 3 years after the date of the enactment of the
Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990.
"(B) Consideration of certain factors.-In establishing the
criteria under subparagraph (A)(ii), the Administrator shall
take into consideration each of the following:
"(i) The uses, benefits, and commercial demand of
consumer and commercial products.
"(ii) The health or safety functions (if any) served by
such consumer and commercial products.
"(iii) Those consumer and commercial products which emit