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   (2)(A).

      "(4)  Approval  and  disapproval.-Within  9  months  after  the

   receipt date,  the Administrator  shall (A)  determine whether  to

   approve,  disapprove,  or  partially   disapprove  and   partially

   approve the recommendations; (B) notify the  commission in writing

   of such  approval, disapproval,  or partial  disapproval; and  (C)

   publish  such  determination  in  the  Federal  Register.  If  the

   Administrator    disapproves   or    partially   disapproves   the

   recommendations, the Administrator shall specify-

         "(i) why any disapproved additional control measures are not

      necessary to bring any  area in such region into  attainment by

      the  dates  provided  by  this  subpart  or are  otherwise  not

      consistent with the Act; and

         "(ii)  recommendations concerning  equal  or  more effective

      actions  that could be taken  by the commission  to conform the

      disapproved portion of the recommendations  to the requirements

      of this section.

      "(5)   Finding.-Upon   approval   or   partial    approval   of

   recommendations  submitted  by  a  commission,  the  Administrator

   shall  issue to  each  State which  is  included in  the transport

   region and  to which a requirement of the approved plan applies, a

   finding under section  110(k)(5) that the implementation  plan for

   such State is inadequate to meet the requirements of

   section 110(a)(2)(D). Such  finding shall require each  such State

   to  revise  its  implementation  plan  to   include  the  approved

   additional control measures within  one year after the  finding is

   issued.

   "(d) Best  Available  Air  Quality  Monitoring  and  Modeling.-For

purposes of  this section, not later  than 6 months after  the date of

the  enactment  of  the   Clean  Air  Act  Amendments  of   1990,  the

Administrator shall  promulgate criteria for  purposes of  determining

the contribution of sources  in one area to concentrations of ozone in

another  area which is a  nonattainment area for  ozone. Such criteria

shall  require that  the  best available  air  quality monitoring  and

modeling   techniques   be   used   for  purposes   of   making   such

determinations.

"SEC.  185. ENFORCEMENT  FOR  SEVERE AND  EXTREME OZONE  NONATTAINMENT

AREAS FOR FAILURE             TO ATTAIN.

   "(a) General  Rule.-Each  implementation  plan  revision  required

under section  182 (d) and  (e) (relating to  the attainment  plan for

Severe and Extreme  ozone nonattainment areas) shall  provide that, if

the area to which such plan revision applies has failed  to attain the

national  primary  ambient  air  quality  standard  for  ozone by  the

applicable  attainment  date, each  major  stationary  source of  VOCs

located  in  the  area  shall,  except  as  otherwise  provided  under

subsection (c), pay a fee to the  State as a penalty for such failure,

computed  in accordance with  subsection (b),  for each  calendar year

beginning after the attainment date, until the area is redesignated as

an attainment area for  ozone. Each such plan revision  should include

procedures for assessment and collection of such fees.

   "(b) Computation of Fee.-

      "(1)  Fee  amount.-The  fee  shall equal  $5,000,  adjusted  in

   accordance  with paragraph  (3),  per ton  of  VOC emitted  by the

   source during the  calendar year in  excess of 80  percent of  the

   baseline amount, computed under paragraph (2).

      "(2)  Baseline   amount.-For  purposes  of  this  section,  the

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