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The Gingerbread Boy Richard Egielski

New York City

Gingerbread Boy with clothing made from icing

Woman Man Rat Construction Workers

Musicians Policeman Fox*

The Runaway Tortilla Eric A. Kimmel

Southwestern/Texas

Lip-stick wearing tortilla

Tía Lupe Tío José 2 Horned toads 3 Donkeys

4 Jackrabbits 5 Rattlesnakes 6 Buckaroos Sénor Coyote*

The Gingerbread Baby Jan Brett

Swiss

Gingerbread baby with candy decoration

Mother Father Matti* Tabby cat Dog Goats

Martha and Madeline Mama Pig Fox Milk and Cheese man Villagers

The Runaway Latkes Leslie Kimmelman

Jewish

Round Latkes (potato pancakes)

Rebecca Bloom* Rabbi* Cantor*

2 boys* Mayor* 2 police officers*

The Runaway Rice Cakes Ying Chang Compestine

Chinese

Níán-gão (rice cake) with arms and legs

Momma Chang Poppa Chang Ming Da Cong

Pig Village Woman Fisherman Lion dancers Old Woman*

The Pancake Boy Lorinda Bryan Cauley

Norwegian

Pancake with arms, legs and pronounced features

Goody-Poody Goodman Poody Seven Children Manny-Panny Henny Penny

Cocky Locky Ducky Lucky Goosey Poosey Gander Pander Piggy Wiggy*

The Johnny-Cake Joseph Jacobs

English

Round Johnny-cake (a bread made with cornmeal)

Old man Old woman Little boy 2 well-diggers

2 ditch-diggers Bear Wolf Fox*

The Fine, Round Cake Arnica Esterl

German

Wrinkle-faced round Pancake

Old Man Old Woman Little Boy 2 well-diggers

2 girls gathering

berries Wolf dressed in armor Fox in a red gown*

The Bun Judy Sierra

Russian

Round Bun

Old man Old woman Hare

Wolf Bear Fox*

provides names for all the secondary characters, including the animals--The Pancake Boy by Cauley. Another variation observed is the kind of animal that finally eats the fleeing object produces yet another variant. This character most often is a fox. In motif indexes, the other most common animal is a pig. However, in the culturally adapted desert version, The Runaway Tortilla by Kimmel it is a coyote. Three variants analyzed had humans eating the fleeing food upon capture. The chart below shows the morphology of the characters between versions, both main and secondary. Those marked with an asterisk (*) are the characters involved in the capture and/or eating of the fleeing object.

Old Man

Cow

Old Woman

Sow

Butcher

Fox*

Version/Author

The Gingerbread Man Jim Aylesworth

Country/Culture United States

Main Character Clothed Gingerbread Man

Secondary Characters

6

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