3.3.7 Information Clearinghouse
On the international level, a clearinghouse is needed (such as the Renewable Energy Global Policy Network, REN21, or a small international institution) to gather and make available to the global community, information regarding relevant findings and experiences with biofuel research and policies from around the world. This could be a subset of REN 21 or a separate body focusing on biofuels and agriculture.
Incentives for Rapid Deployment of Advanced, Low-Impact Biofuels and Technologies
Policies are needed to expedite the transition to the next generation of feedstock and technologies that will enable dramatically increased production at lower cost, combined with the real potential for significant reductions in environmental impacts. To date, high costs and risks associated with construction of new conversion facilities have hampered the development of next-generation fuels. Governments and international financial institutions can play a critical role in reducing financial risks and providing low-cost capital, helping industry to move quickly through early commercialization barriers.
Specific actions that governments can take to expedite the transition include:
Provide Incentives. Create tax structures and other incentives that favor next-generation biofuels and integrated “biorefineries” and bioprocessing.
Enact Mandates. Mandates could require that an increasing share of total fuel come from advanced feedstock and technologies.
Fund RD&D. More sustainable feedstock and technologies are needed, including those that provide enhanced net reductions in GHG emissions and in fossil inputs.
Support Farmers. Farmers will need information, crop and equipment assistance, market access, and other help to make the transition to producing new feedstock.
Facilitate Conversion of Existing Plants. Retraining and retooling are important for converting existing plants to next-generation facilities.
Provide Capital. Low-interest, long-term loans and risk guarantees are required to facilitate the development of commercial cellulosic refineries and “biorefineries.”
Encourage the Development of New Uses and Demand for Co-products.
Encourage Technology Transfer. Transfer of technology and capacity
building to countries with nascent industries (particularly those with great