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Ethanol: Literature Review - page 3 / 17





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Fuel Ethanol

Although ethanol has been traditionally thought of as a beverage product for use in spirits, beer and wine, ethanol is an important, viable alternative to unleaded gasoline fuel (http://www.comalc.com/fuel ethanol.htm). Ethanol is used as an automotive fuel; it can be used alone in specially designed engines, or blended with gasoline and used without any engine modifications. http://www.comalc.com/fuel ethanol.htm. Motorboats, motorcycles, lawnmowers, chain saws etc. can all utilize the cleaner gasoline/ethanol fuel. Most importantly, the millions of automobiles on the road today can use this improved fuel. (http://www.comalc.com/fuel ethanol.htm)Farmers, cities, counties, and rural electric co-op fleets, plus snowmobile racers and fishing guides in the U.S. use ethanol blends exclusively with no performance problems. Adjustments may be required for air intake. It is important to consult your owner's manual. (http://www.greenfuels.org/ethaques.html)

Fuel ethanol what has been called "gasohol" - the most common blends contain 10% ethanol mixed with 90% gasoline (E10). http://www.ethanol.org/. Because the ethanol is a high-octane fuel (2.5 - 3 points above the octane of the blending gasoline) with high oxygen content (35% oxygen by weight), it allows the engine to more completely combust the fuel, resulting in fewer emissions. Since ethanol is produced from plants that harness the power of the sun, ethanol is also considered a renewable fuel. Therefore, ethanol has many advantages as an automotive fuel. http://www.comalc.com/fuel ethanol.htm

E85 is a federally designated fuel that is composed of 85% ethanol and 15% gasoline. Currently there are thousands of E85 vehicles on the roads in America, driving millions of miles every year. E85 vehicles are flexible fuel vehicles, meaning they will run on whatever is in the tank, from 100% gasoline to 85% ethanol, but run best on E85. (http://www.ethanol.org/)

Ethanol is a water-free alcohol and there for can withstand cooler temperatures. Its low freezing point has made it useful as the fluid in thermometers for temperatures below -40°C, the freezing point of mercury, and for other low-

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