cal and archaeological documentation, respectively, of the medieval remains. Ancient samples were available thanks to the Museum, the Association Amigos del Museo de Priego de Co´rdoba, and local authorities of Priego de Co´rdoba. Antonio Alcala´ and the donors made the collection of modern DNA samples possible. We also acknowledge the unconditional support of Nils C. Sten- seth to the project. Ian Frame gave all his support to this research, and Eva Staalstrøm provided with A1B2 A2B1primers.
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372 Rosa A, Brehm A, Kivisild T, Metspalu E, Villems R. 2004. MtDNA profile of West Africa Guineans: Towards a better understanding of the Senegambia region. Ann Hum Genet 68:340–352.
List of populations, and related literature, included in the broad geographical areas for HVRI mtDNA compari- sons. Numbers at the beginning of lines indicate the size of the samples included in the analysis.
2622 Africa (AFR)
307 Salas A, Richards M, De la Fe T, Lareu MV, Sobrino B, Sa´nchez–Diz P, Macaulay V, Carracedo A. 2002. The making of the African mtDNA landscape. Am J Hum Genet 71:1082–1111.
58 Stevanovitch A, Gilles A, Bouzaid E, Kefi R, Paris F, Gayraud RP, Spadoni JL, El-Chenawi F, Be´raud- Colomb E. 2003. Mitochondrial DNA sequence diversity in a sedentary population from Egypt. Ann Hum Genet 68:23–39.
441 Coia V, Destro–Bisol G, Verginelli F, Battaggia C, Boschi I, Cruciani F, Spedini G, Comas D, Calafell F. May 13, 2006. mtDNA variation in North Cameroon: Lack of Asian lineages and implications for back migra- tion from Asia to sub-Saharan Africa. Am J Phys Anthropol (Epub ahead of print).
57 Destro-Bisol G, Coia V, Boschi I, Verginelli F, Cagli`a A, Pascali V, Spedini G, Calafell F. 2004. The Analysis of variation of mtDNA hypervariable region 1 suggests that eastern and western Pygmies diverged before the Bantu Expansion. Am Nat 163:212–226.
74 ChenY-S, Olckers A, Schurr TG, Kogelnik AM, Huoponen K, Wallace DC. 2000. mtDNA variation in the South African Kung and Khwe and their genetic rela- tionships to other African populations. Am J Hum Genet 66:1362–1383.
103 Trovoada MJ, Pereira L, Gusmao L, Abade A, Amorim A, Prata MJ. 2003. Pattern of mtDNA variation in three populations from Sao Tome´ e Prı´ncipe. Ann Hum Genet 68:40–54.
297 Vigilant LA. 1990. Control region sequences from African populations and the evolution of human mito- chondrial DNA. Ph.D. Thesis, University of California, Berkeley.
Watson E, Bauer K, Aman R, Weiss G, von Haeseler A, P¨a¨abo S. 1996. mtDNA sequence diversity in Africa. Am J Hum Genet 59:437–444.
Watson E, Foster P, Richards M, Bandelt HJ. 1997. Mitochondrial footprints of human expansions in Africa. Am J Hum Genet 61:691–704.
1231 Near East (NE)
224 Krings M, Halim Salem A, Bauer K, Geisert H, Malek AK, Chaix L, Simon C, Welsby D, Di Rienzo A, Utermann G, Sajantila A, P¨a¨abo S, Stoneking M. 1999. mtDNA analysis of Nile valley populations: A genetic corridor or a barrier to migration? Am J Hum Genet 64:1166–1176.
124 Gonza´lez AM, Cabrera VM, Larruga JM, Toun- kara A, Noumsi G, Thomas BN, Moulds JM. Mitochon- drial DNA variation in Mauritania and Mali, and their genetic relationship to other western Africa populations. Personal communication.
119 Graven L, Passarino G, Semino O, Boursot P, San- tachiara–Benerecetti S, Langaney A, Excoffier L. 1995. Evolutionary correlation between control region sequence and restriction polymorphism in the mitochondrial genome of a large Senegalese Mandenka sample. Mol Biol Evol 12:334–345.
121 Jackson BA, Wilson JL, Kirbah S, Sidney SS, Rosenberger J, Bassie L, Alie JAD, McLean DC, Garvey T, Ely B. 2005. Mitochondrial DNA genetic diversity among four ethnic groups in Sierra Leone. Am J Phys Anthropol 128:156–163.
95 Mateu E, Comas D, Calafell F, Pe´rez–Lezaun A, Abade A, Bertranpetit J. 1997. A tale of two islands: Population history and mitochondrial DNA sequence variation of Bioko and Sao Tome´, Gulf of Guinea. Ann Hum Genet 61:507–518.
109 Pereira L, Macaulay V, Torroni A, Scozzari R, Prata M-J, Amorim A. 2001. Prehistoric and historic traces in the mtDNA of Mozambique: Insights into the
74 (Tk) Calafell F, Underhill P, Tolun A, Angelicheva D. 1996. From Asia to Europe: Mitochondrial DNA sequence variability in Bulgarians and Turks. Ann Hum Genet 60:35–49.
Comas D, Calafell F, Mateu E, Pe´rez-Lezaun A, Ber- tranpetit J. 1996. Geographic variation in human mito- chondrial DNA control region sequence: The population history of Turkey and its relationship to the European populations. Mol Biol Evol 13:1067–1077.
45 (Dz) Macaulay V, Richards M, Hickey E, Vega E, Cruciani F, Guida V, Scozzari R, Bonne´-Tamir B, Sykes B, Torroni A. 1999. The emerging tree of West Eurasian mtDNAs: A synthesis of control-region sequences and RFLPs. Am J Hum Genet 64:232–249.
¨¨ 75 Mergen H, Oner R, Oner C. 2004. Mitochondrial
DNA sequence variation in the Anatolian Peninsula (Turkey). J Genet 83:101–109.
512 (64 Iq, 12 In, 144 Tk, 53 Ku, 191 Ar, 48 Az) Rich- ards M, Macaulay V, Hickey E, Vega E, Sykes B, Guida V, Rengo C, Sellitto D, Cruciani F, Kivisild T, Villems R, Thomas M, Rychkov S, Rychkov O, Rychkov Y, G¨olge M, Dimitrov D, Hill E, Bradley D, Romano V, Cal`ı F, Vona G, Demaine A, Papiha S, Triantaphyllidis C, Stefanescu G, Hatina J, Belledi M, Di Rienzo A, Novelletto A, Oppenheim A, Nørby S, Al-Zaheri N, Santachiara-Bener- ecetti S, Scozari R, Torroni A, Bandelt HJ. 2000. Tracing European founder lineages in the Near Eastern mtDNA pool. Am J Hum Genet 67:1251–1276.
525 (33 Buk, 175 Geor, 131 Irak, 69 Syr, 117 Pal) Thomas MG, Weale ME, Jones AL, Richards M, Smith
American Journal of Physical Anthropology—DOI 10.1002/ajpa