See Franz Ansprenger, Auflösung der Kolonialreiche (Deutscher
Taschenbuch, Munich, 1967).
On Algeria, see, i.a., Edgar O'Ballance, The Algerian Insurrection, 1954-
62 (Faber, London, 1967); compare Ansprenger, op.cit.
On Indochina, see Bernard Fall, Viet-Nam Witness (Praeger, New York,
and John McAllister, Viet Nam. The Origins of Revolution (Knopf,
New York, 1969). McAllister makes several references to the warnings and foresight of General Leclerc.
Henry Kissinger, "The Vietnam Negotiations" in Foreign Affairs, January 1969, p. 214.
On the "asymetric conflict", see Andrew Mack, "Why Big Nations Lose Small Wars: The Politics of Asymetric Conflict", in World Politics, 1975.
What interests are 'vital' is obviously far from clear - even in the 'post fac- tum' analysis that we tend to fall back upon. The observation made may also cast serious doubts upon the (present and future) ability and willing- ness of democratic, welfare oriented societies to wage war even if 'vital' interests are at stake. Compare here Harold & Margaret Sprout, "The Di- lemma of Rising Demands and Insufficient Resources", in World Politics, 1968, and Klaus Knorr, "On the International Uses of Military Force in the Contemporary World", Orbis, 1977, which both emphasize the decreasing willingess in the democracies in the West to accept force as a legitimate foreign policy instrument and also point to the diminishing share given to military expenditures in their budgets. Related problems are discussed in the evaluations of the future of international politics presented in the forth- coming study, Sweden in the World Society (Swedish Secretariat for Fu- ture Studies and Pergamon Press).
On UN peace-keeping operations, see i.a., A. LeRoy Bennett, International Organizations: Principles and Issues (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs,
J., 1977), pp. 131-154, and Larry Fabian, Soldiers without Enemies (Brookings, Washington, D.C., 1971).
Security Council Official Records, 15th year, 901st meeting.
The parallel with European developments after World War I has been made by Arno Mayer in "Post-War Nationalisms 1918-1919", Past and Present, July 1966, the quote from Rudolf von Albertini, "The Impact of Two World Wars on the Decline of Colonialism" Journal of Contemporary