History, 1969, Vol I, p. 34.
Thus, according to Ruth First: "Within a decade of independence and in some countries less, Africa has travelled from colonial government to a very close copy of it. Lugard and Lyautey of the last century have given way to Mobutu, Gowon and Bokassa of this one. Once again the pattern of rule is military -bureaucratic in type. See The Barrel of a Gun. Political Power in Africa and the Coup d'État (Allen Lane, London, 1970), p. 432. Major works on "the military in politics" are S.E. Finer, The Man on Horseback (Peregrine, rev.ed., London, 1976), and Morris Janowitz, The Military in the Political Development of New Nations (University of Chi- cago Press, Chicago, 1964).
Huntington's essay first published in World Politics (April 1965).
See A. Iskenderov, "The Army, Politics, and the People" (in Henry Bienen, ed., The Military and Modernization, (Aldine/Atherton, Chicago & New York, 1971); the quote from Bienen, "The Background to Con- temporary Study of Militaries and Modernization" Ibid.), p. 22.