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an inspection ride, when illegal weapons had to be transferred from place to place, since no police road-check would dare to search a Mobile Guard pick-up truck with a British officer on board.

With the growth of Hagana and the need for increasing its permanent staff, it became common practice to enlist some active, fulltime members of various staffs as NCO's and even constables, so that at least part of their salary would be paid by the Mandatory Government. I remember personally that in the 1944- class of the Hagana officers' course about half the cadets were constables in the JSP. This provided every month a three-day-break at least, when they had to attend pay-parades in their respective JSP companies.

Later on, during the period of tension between the Government and the Jewish community, very often curfews were imposed in various parts of the country. However, JSP constables, as part of the police force, could move around undisturbed. Psychologically it was not always too easy to be a rather high-ranking officer in the Hagana and at the same time to be subordinated to the whims of an Englishman who was promoted to the rank of officer only owing to colonial circumstances. For instance, I happened to be second-in-command of the Hagana Southern District principally in charge of training, and was enlisted as a temporary auxiliary constable under the jurisdiction of a British inspector, a situation which often demanded a lot of self-restraint. However, since in the 1940's about 750 members of the JSP were "requisitioned" for Hagana purposes, this arrangement tremendously eased the financial burden of the underground army.

And finally, a last point. One might have gained the impression that right from the beginning the Jewish community, and Hagana as part of it, were op- posed to the British Mandatory Government and that the British were stupid enough to support a movement which wanted to undermine the Government. But this is an entirely wrong notion. To the contrary, the Zionist Organisation and the Jewish community in Palestine were just too eager to have the British as Mandatory Power. There were even many Zionists who wanted almost until the very end of the Mandate to become incorporated into the British Commonwealth in one way or another. From the long-lasting partnership in security matters, both sides profited; the British could considerably reduce their own armed forces in the country, whereas the Jews benefited from all the advantages of this coop- eration. Only after World War II the relationship deteriorated and only then a curious situation emerged, in which the British were in fact partly financing their opponents. In retrospect, however, the Hagana can only be grateful for the part- nership.



38th, 39th, 40th and 42nd Battalions, Royal Fusiliers.

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