Nicknamed by the Jewish community "the Irishmen".
Hagana means: defence.
Their official title was "Temporary Auxiliary Constable" (TAC), indicat- ing, in the best British colonial tradition, that nothing is more permanent than temporary arrangements.
Fosh being the abbreviation for the Hebrew words "Field Companies".
Orde Charles Wingate, son of a Scottish family, was born in 1903 in India, educated at Charterhouse, attended the Royal Military Academy, Wool- wich, and was commissioned in 1923 in the Artillery. In the years 1928- 1933 he made large-scale excursions in the Libyan desert. In 1936, as a captain, he was posted to Palestine as an Intelligence Officer and became inspired by Zionist ideas, owing to his deep religious belief and his pro- found knowledge of the Holy Bible. He was removed from service in Pal- estine by the demand of governmental officials, who were opposed to his pro-Zionist inclinations. In World War II he led Abyssinian and Sudanese troops in the re-conquest of Abyssinia. In 1943 he commanded the famous "Chindit" raid in the jungles of Burma behind the Japanese lines. Promoted to the rank of major-general, he planned an airborne invasion of Central- Burma and was killed on 25 March, 1944, in an air crash.
Palmach = abbreviation for the Hebrew words "Crack Units", being the full-time mobilized units of Hagana.