A client with a factitious disorder make up physical and or mental health signs and symptoms in order to assume the "sick" role and gain attention. They consciously fabricate symptoms in order to get attention from health care professionals. This disorder is also known as Munchausen syndrome.
In malingering, the patient fabricates mental and or physical symptoms for the motive of material gain like avoiding punishment, avoiding work, or obtaining money or drugs.
In hypochondriasis, the patient becomes preoccupied that he or she has a very serious illness and appropriate medical testing reveals no findings. In addition, the disorder has lasted for longer than six months. The patient becomes so fixated on having a serious disease that it impairs his or her personal or work life.
Clients with pseudocyesis have a false pregnancy; however, have convinced everyone else that they are truly pregnant.
Clients with factitious disorder by proxy, gains attention by health care professionals by producing physical symptoms in someone else, usually a child or parent. This disorder is also known as Munchausen syndrome by proxy.