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Significance of Study

This thesis has relevance to all national strategic policy makers who have an

interest in national security matters. It may be particularly relevant to senior defense

executives, defense organizational planners, and organizational integrators seeking to

match structure and capabilities against the threats to the US homeland.

Why may it be significant? The increasing WMD threat, coupled with ever-

evolving delivery means and an enhanced desire of nation and nonnation aggressors to

strike at the US center of gravity--its people, may require DoD to proactively address

these threats with a strategic level organization to defend its homeland. Currently, there

is no such command at the strategic level within DoD charged with overseeing the

protection of the US homeland from these threats. If one assumes that strategy

determines force structure requirements and force structure in turn ensures readiness,

then--as evidenced by its current force structure--logic follows that DoD believes it has

adequately addressed the WMD threat to the US homeland through its existing force

structure. It therefore does not feel a necessity to add or change its force structure at all.

Only recently has the United States started to seriously question this assumed

state of WMD readiness. Governmental actions over the last five years by both the

executive and the legislative branches hint that the concern over US preparedness to

defend itself at home is questionable. This thesis will examine some of these actions as

they relate to DoD and attempt to determine their contribution to answering the research

question. The process of DoD evolution is not the primary purpose of this research

thesis. However, this examination may be helpful in showing how external to DoD

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