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thesis delimits organizations that do not contribute general WMD defense capabilities. In

addition, it does not review missions or capabilities of organizations which specialize in

one specific area of the WMD threat or provide its capabilities on a regional basis only.

Defining Terms

Several doctrinal terms and non-doctrinal, but often used, references have evolved

in the debate over WMD recently. In an attempt to better grasp their collective meaning

several of the most common terms in this area are defined below.

Civil Defense. All those activities and measures designed or undertaken to: a.

minimize the effects upon the civilian population caused or which would be caused by an

enemy attack on the United States; b. deal with the immediate

emergency conditions which would be created by any such attack; and c. effectuate

emergency repairs to, or the emergency restoration of, vital utilities and facilities

destroyed or damaged by any such attack.4

Combatting Terrorism. Actions, including antiterrorism (defensive measures

taken to reduce vulnerability to terrorist acts) and counterterrorism (offensive measures

taken to prevent, deter, and respond to terrorism), taken to oppose terrorism throughout

the entire threat spectrum.5

Consequence Management (CM). Measures to protect public health, safety, and

the environment, to restore essential government services, and to provide emergency

relief to governments, businesses, and individuals affected by the consequences of

terrorism.6

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