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provide a more clear picture of the current NBC defense organizational structure

operating at the strategic level. It will provide a brief overview of the growing WMD

threat. It will also provide background which justifies the threat as a valid problem in

order to gain a better understanding of why organizational change may be necessary.

Ultimately, this study will provide the reader an assessment of what our WMD defense

structure’s strengths and weaknesses are and how that structure may be changed or

adjusted to meet the continuing WMD threat.

This study should be helpful in highlighting any shortfalls in efforts to integrate

capabilities (and desired capabilities) as the WMD threat evolves. Once highlighted,

DoD could then address these integration shortfalls individually or collectively and

thereby have the ability to significantly increase WMD readiness.

Lastly, this thesis will study the strategic organizational structure of DoD as a

whole and may be helpful in identifying necessary changes to DoD’s or other Federal

Agency’s structure to deal with the increasingly difficult threat of use of WMD against a

vulnerable U.S. homeland.


While the US enjoys what is arguably the largest technological advantage over

any of its potential adversaries, it cannot overlook and it should not underestimate its

vulnerabilities. This is especially true in the case of US relative vulnerability to

asymmetric attack. As former Defense Secretary Cohen suggests, our future enemies will

likely find asymmetric attack against vulnerable U.S. targets even more attractive

because of the technology gap itself. Cohen argues, “America’s military superiority

cannot shield us completely from this (nuclear, biological, and chemical) threat. Indeed, 13

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