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all threats of choice for determining everything from national direction to acquisition

program funding. This topic enjoyed an increase in available literature, governmental

policy, military doctrine, and public opinion over the past ten years for three primary


1. The fall of the Soviet Block as the most significant and dangerous

threat faced by the US and the Western world. The Soviet Block developed, produced,

and trained with NBC weapons; maintained redundant and ready delivery means; and

portrayed a credible and certainly viable threat to the US homeland. This threat was

effectively accepted in the public eye by balancing it against the unthinkable mutual

assured destruction doctrine. The philosophy of--no rational state would think about

using these weapons in the United States lest the favor be returned to them--was enough

to deaden the public’s perception that it was of real concern to their immediate life and


Therefore, Congress and the Defense Department, while building and maintaining

a credible nuclear deterrent, focused most of its attention on containing the Soviet

Block’s conventional threats. Afterall, the Soviet Block conventional forces were the

other measurable threat of the day. Today however, that threat is gone yet the world

remains an highly uncertain place. At least one senior Army General pointed out that this

rapidly changing world driven by enhanced technological innovations brings with it “a

time when we in this country are subject to attack with WMD delivered by well-informed

terrorists.”6 The Commander of the US Army Forces Command (FORSCOM) goes on to

stress that, while the US is the sole remaining superpower, it may not be such a good

thing after all.7 Simply put, it appears the loss of the Soviet conventional threat


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