The growing threat of chemical and biological weapons will force a transformation in the Armed Forces and put greater emphasis on increased cooperation between DoD and other governmental agencies. 1
Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University & The Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis, Inc., Final Report on Strategic Responsiveness, Early and Continuous Joint Effectiveness – Across the Spectrum, April 2000.
This paper has now reviewed the relevant literature on the WMD threat, existing
thought on the current DoD structure and capabilities, and various ideas on future
structure and desired capabilities. It is now time to determine what DoD has currently
operating at the strategic level to defend against this emerging threat. To its credit, there
are several defense organizations that play an active role in addressing this threat. This
chapter will show that the challenges inherent in WMD use have not gone entirely
unnoticed within DoD. This conclusion is reached because of the relatively new creation
of some DoD strategic level organizational direction and various operational level
capabilities. Additionally, there exists a number of non-DoD governmental organizations
now contributing to the defense against WMD.
It is clear that there is momentum moving to face the threat. But are these steps
enough? Are there gaps? Has DoD changed its strategic organizational structure
sufficiently after the fall of the Soviet Union to keep pace with the new realities of this
form of asymmetric warfare? More to the point, are the strategic level organizations