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To that end, the UCP also directed the establishment of the Joint Task Force for

Civil Support (JTF-CS). On 1 October 1999, JFCOM created the JTF-CS as a standing

military joint task force headquarters. The JTF-CS is currently commanded by a Army

National Guard Major General who is charged with providing necessary military support

and assistance to civil authorities following a WMD event.15 Previously, DoD had

chosen to designate an existing headquarters on an ad hoc basis to provide the command

and control required of military forces deployed to support civilian authorities. Joint

Task Force-Los Angeles (JTF-LA) for example was an ad hoc establishment of a JTF

headquarters to provide command and control during the 1992 Los Angeles riots. The

JTF-CS fills a similar role for a WMD incident--but on a standing basis. The JTF-CS has

geographical responsibilities that include all of the United States as well as its

possessions and territories.16

Its primary task after a WMD event is to coordinate all of DoD’s expertise and

assets that are required to respond in an assist role and function as their higher

headquarters. The JTF-CS, however, has a larger role than providing operational and

tactical level post-event command and control of military assets. Because it is a standing

headquarters, it also plays an important new role for DoD at the strategic level. The unit,

through its planning and preparation for a WMD event, is serving an important

integration function for each of the DoD organizations that may be called upon to

contribute forces. As part of that integration function, JTF-CS has input into the training,

equipping, and doctrine of these organizations. Hence, they are the beginnings of a

consolidated strategic direction for support to civil authorities in a post WMD incident

environment.

41

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